9PL as a free ligand exists in 4 entries. Examples include: 3T3Q 3T3Z 3T3S

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View summary at Ligand Expo

Chemical Component Summary

FormulaC11 H16 N2 O2
Molecular Weight208.26
Isomeric SMILESCC[C@H]1[C@@H](Cc2cncn2C)COC1=O

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count31
Chiral Atom Count2
Chiral AtomsC12, C8
Bond Count32
Aromatic Bond Count5
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB01085 Different stereochemistry
DescriptionA slowly hydrolyzed muscarinic agonist with no nicotinic effects. Pilocarpine is used as a miotic and in the treatment of glaucoma. [PubChem]
  • (3S-cis)-3-Ethyldihydro-4-[(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-5-yl)methyl]-2(3H)-furanone
  • (3S,4R)-3-Ethyldihydro-4-((1-methyl-1H-imidazol-5-yl)methyl)-2(3H)-furanone
  • Pilocarpine
  • Pilocarpine hydrochloride
  • Pilocarpine nitrate
Brand Names
  • Betoptic/pilo
  • Diocarpine 1% Solution
  • Diocarpine 2% Solution
  • Diocarpine 4% Solution
  • E-pilo 1 Ophthalm
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor the treatment of radiation-induced dry mouth (xerostomia) and symptoms of dry mouth in patients with Sjögrens syndrome.
PharmacologyPilocarpine is a choline ester miotic and a positively charged quaternary ammonium compound. Pilocarpine, in appropriate dosage, can increase secretion by the exocrine glands. The sweat, salivary, lacrimal, gastric, pancreatic, and intestinal glands and the mucous cells of the respiratory tract may be stimulated. When applied topically to the eye as a single dose it causes miosis, spasm of accommodation, and may cause a transitory rise in intraocular pressure followed by a more persistent fall. Dose-related smooth muscle stimulation of the intestinal tract may cause increased tone, increased motility, spasm, and tenesmus. Bronchial smooth muscle tone may increase. The tone and motility of urinary tract, gallbladder, and biliary duct smooth muscle may be enhanced. Pilocarpine may have paradoxical effects on the cardiovascular system. The expected effect of a muscarinic agonist is vasodepression, but administration of pilocarpine may produce hypertension after a brief episode of hypotension. Bradycardia and tachycardia have both been reported with use of pilocarpine.
Mechanism of actionPilocarpine is a cholinergic parasympathomimetic agent. It increase secretion by the exocrine glands, and produces contraction of the iris sphincter muscle and ciliary muscle (when given topically to the eyes) by mainly stimulating muscarinic receptors.
Route of administration
  • Conjunctival
  • Intraocular
  • Ophthalmic
  • Oral
  • Alkaloids
  • Autonomic Agents
  • Chemical Actions and Uses
  • Cholinergic Agents
  • Cholinergic Agonists
  • S01EB51
  • S01EB01
  • N07AX01
  • 12:04.00
  • 52:20.00
  • 92:02.00*
CAS number92-13-7
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682