Suppressor of fused homolog - Q9UMX1 (SUFU_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for Q9UMX1: 10
 
Function
Negative regulator in the hedgehog/smoothened signaling pathway (PubMed:10559945, PubMed:10564661, PubMed:10806483, PubMed:12068298, PubMed:12975309, PubMed:27234298, PubMed:15367681, PubMed:22365972, PubMed:24217340, PubMed:24311597, PubMed:28965847). Down-regulates GLI1-mediated transactivation of target genes (PubMed:15367681, PubMed:24217340, PubMed:24311597). Down-regulates GLI2-mediated transactivation of target genes (PubMed:24311597, PubMed:24217340). Part of a corepressor complex that acts on DNA-bound GLI1. May also act by linking GLI1 to BTRC and thereby targeting GLI1 to degradation by the proteasome (PubMed:10559945, PubMed:10564661, PubMed:10806483, PubMed:24217340). Sequesters GLI1, GLI2 and GLI3 in the cytoplasm, this effect is overcome by binding of STK36 to both SUFU and a GLI protein (PubMed:10559945, PubMed:10564661, PubMed:10806483, PubMed:24217340). Negative regulator of beta-catenin signaling (By similarity). Regulates the formation of either the repressor form (GLI3R) or the activator form (GLI3A) of the full-length form of GLI3 (GLI3FL) (PubMed:24311597, PubMed:28965847). GLI3FL is complexed with SUFU in the cytoplasm and is maintained in a neutral state (PubMed:24311597, PubMed:28965847). Without the Hh signal, the SUFU-GLI3 complex is recruited to cilia, leading to the efficient processing of GLI3FL into GLI3R (PubMed:24311597, PubMed:28965847). When Hh signaling is initiated, SUFU dissociates from GLI3FL and the latter translocates to the nucleus, where it is phosphorylated, destabilized, and converted to a transcriptional activator (GLI3A) (PubMed:24311597, PubMed:28965847). Required for normal embryonic development (By similarity). Required for the proper formation of hair follicles and the control of epidermal differentiation (By similarity). UniProt
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Subunit Structure
May form homodimers (PubMed:10564661). Part of a DNA-bound corepressor complex containing SAP18, GLI1 and SIN3 (By similarity). Part of a complex containing CTNNB1 (By similarity). Binds BTRC, GLI2, GLI3, SAP18 and STK36 (PubMed:10564661, PubMed:10806483). Binds both free and DNA-bound GLI1 (PubMed:10559945, PubMed:15367681, PubMed:24217340, PubMed:24311597, PubMed:28965847). Interacts with KIF7 (By similarity). Interacts with GLI3FL and this interaction regulates the formation of either repressor or activator forms of GLI3 (PubMed:24311597, PubMed:28965847). Its association with GLI3FL is regulated by Hh signaling and dissociation of the SUFU-GLI3 interaction requires the presence of the ciliary motor KIF3A (PubMed:24311597, PubMed:28965847). Interacts with ULK3; inactivating the protein kinase activity of ULK3 (PubMed:20643644). Interacts with RAB23 (PubMed:22365972). UniProt
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
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  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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