Antitoxin MqsA - Q46864 (MQSA_ECOLI)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for Q46864: 6
 
Function
Antitoxin component of a type II toxin-antitoxin (TA) system. Labile antitoxin that binds to the MqsR mRNA interferase toxin and neutralizes its endoribonuclease activity. Overexpression prevents MqsR-mediated cessation of cell growth and inhibition of cell proliferation. Initially reported to act as a cotranscription factor with MqsA (PubMed:19690171, PubMed:20105222). Following further experiments, the MqsR-MqsA complex does not bind DNA and all reported data are actually due to a small fraction of free MqsA alone binding DNA. Addition of MqsR to a preformed MqsA-promoter DNA complex causes dissociation of the MqsA-DNA complex, probably causing derepression of MqsA-repressed transcripts (PubMed:23172222). MqsA binds to 2 palindromes in the promoter region of the mqsRA operon activating its transcription. Binds to other promoters, inducing mcbR and spy and repressing cspD among others (PubMed:20105222). Binds to and represses the rpoS promoter, the master stress regulator, resulting in decreased cyclic-di-GMP, reduced stress resistance, increased cell motility and decreased biofilm formation; in these experiments 5 TA systems are missing (lacks MazEF, RelEB, ChpB, YoeB-YefM, YafQ-DinJ) (PubMed:21516113). An earlier study showed overexpression alone increases biofilm formation, perhaps by repressing cspD; in these experiments the 5 TA systems are present (PubMed:20105222). Represses the csgD promoter. In the presence of stress, when this protein is degraded, the promoters it represses are derepressed, leading to biofilm formation (Probable). This TA system mediates cell growth during bile acid deoxycholate stress by degrading mRNA for probable deoxycholate-binding protein YgiS; bile acid detergents such as deoxycholate are important for host defense against bacterial growth in the gall bladder and duodenum (PubMed:25534751). UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Homodimer. Crystallizes as a heterotetramer with MqsA, MqsR-MqsA(2)-MqsR (PubMed:20041169). Purifies as a probable heterohexamer of 2 MqsR dimers and 1 MqsA dimer (PubMed:19690171). Binds promoter DNA as a dimer (PubMed:21068382). When the 2 dissociate the MsqR mRNA interferase becomes active. UniProt
Domain
The Zn-binding N-terminal domain (residues 1-65) binds to the MqsR mRNA interferase toxin and makes contact with the DNA phosphate backbone, while the C-terminus (residues 70-131) binds the promoter in a sequence-specific manner. They are linked by a short flexible domain (PubMed:22789559). UniProt
  • Other Gene names: mqsA, ygiT, b3021, JW2989
This protein in other organisms (by gene name):
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from the SWISS-MODEL Repository  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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