ADP-ribosylation factor-like protein 3 - P36405 (ARL3_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

 
Function
Small GTP-binding protein which cycles between an inactive GDP-bound and an active GTP-bound form, and the rate of cycling is regulated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEF) and GTPase-activating proteins (GAP) (PubMed:16525022, PubMed:18588884). Required for normal cytokinesis and cilia signaling (PubMed:22085962). Requires assistance from GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) like RP2 and PDE6D, in order to cycle between inactive GDP-bound and active GTP-bound forms. Required for targeting proteins to the cilium, including myristoylated NPHP3 and prenylated INPP5E (PubMed:30269812). Targets NPHP3 to the ciliary membrane by releasing myristoylated NPHP3 from UNC119B cargo adapter into the cilium (PubMed:22085962). Required for PKD1:PKD2 complex targeting from the trans-Golgi network to the cilium (By similarity). UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Found in a complex with ARL3, RP2 and UNC119 (or UNC119B); RP2 induces hydrolysis of GTP ARL3 in the complex, leading to the release of UNC119 (or UNC119B) (PubMed:11303027, PubMed:11847227, PubMed:18588884). Interacts with RP2; interaction is direct and stimulated with the activated GTP-bound form of ARL3 (PubMed:16472755). Interacts with SYS1 (PubMed:11303027, PubMed:11847227, PubMed:15077113). The GTP-bound form interacts with ARL2BP and PDE6D (PubMed:11303027, PubMed:11847227). Microtubule-associated protein (PubMed:11303027, PubMed:16525022). May interact with GOLGA4 (PubMed:11303027). Interacts with GGA1; the interaction recruits PKD1:PKD2 complex to trans-Golgi network and is required for ciliary targeting of PKD1:PKD2 complex (By similarity). UniProt
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Validation Track

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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from the SWISS-MODEL Repository  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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