Ribosome-associated molecular chaperone SSB1 - P11484 (SSB1_YEAST)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for P11484: 1
Ribosome-bound, Hsp70-type chaperone that assists in the cotranslational folding of newly synthesized proteins in the cytosol. Stimulates folding by interacting with nascent chains, binding to short, largely hydrophobic sequences exposed by unfolded proteins, thereby stabilizing longer, more slowly translated, and aggregation-prone nascent polypeptides and domains that cannot fold stably until fully synthesized. The Hsp70-protein substrate interaction depends on ATP-binding and on allosteric regulation between the NBD and the SBD. The ATP-bound state is characterized by a fast exchange rate of substrate (low affinity state), while in the ADP-bound state exchange is much slower (high affinity state). During the Hsp70 cycle, the chaperone switches between the ATP-bound state (open conformation) and the ADP-bound state (closed conformation) by major conformational rearrangements involving mainly the lid domain. Ssb cooperates with a specific Hsp40/Hsp70 co-chaperone termed the ribosome-associated complex (RAC), which stimulates the ATPase activity of the ribosome-associated pool of Ssbs and switches it to the high affinity substrate binding state. Hsp110 chaperone SSE1 and FES1 act as nucleotide exchange factors that cause substrate release. UniProt
Catalytic Activity
ATP + H2O = ADP + H+ + phosphate UniProt
Pathway Maps
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Subunit Structure
Binds to ribosomes (PubMed:9670014, PubMed:1394434, PubMed:27917864). Binds close to the ribosomal tunnel exit via contacts with both ribosomal proteins RPL35, RPL39 and RPL19, and rRNA (PubMed:27882919). Directly interacts with nascent polypeptides. This interaction is dependent on the ribosome-associated complex (RAC) (PubMed:11929994, PubMed:23332755). Interacts with SSE1 (PubMed:16219770, PubMed:16221677, PubMed:23332755). Interacts with FES1 (PubMed:17132105). Interacts with NAP1 (PubMed:18086883). UniProt
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