Penton protein - P03276 (CAPSP_ADE02)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Major capsid protein that self-associates to form penton base pentamers, each in the shape of a pentagon, situated at the 12 vertices of the pseudo T=25 capsid. Involved in virus secondary attachment to host cell after initial attachment by the fiber protein. Binds host integrin heterodimer ITGAV-ITGB5 (alphaV-beta5) thereby triggering clathrin-mediated endocytosis of virions. Mediates initial virus attachment to CXADR-negative cells. Binding to integrins ITGAV-ITGB5 also seems to induce macropinocytosis uptake of the virus. As the virus enters the host cell, penton proteins are shed concomitant with virion acidification in the endosome. UniProt
Pathway Maps
      ESCHER  BiGG
Subunit Structure
Interacts with the fiber protein (via N-terminal tail region). Interacts with the capsid vertex protein; this interaction binds the penton base to neighboring peripentonal hexons. Interacts (via the cell attachment site RGD) with host heterodimer ITGAV-ITGB5; this interaction promotes virus internalization. Interacts with host WWP1 and WWP2. UniProt
The cell attachment RGD motif is exposed at the virion surface and is involved in binding to the integrin heterodimer ITGAV-ITGB5. UniProt
The Protein Feature View requires a browser that supports SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics). Mouse over tracks and labels for more information.
Data origin/color codes
The vertical color bar on the left side indicates data provenance.
Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Sequence Mismatches It is now possible to see information about expression tags, cloning artifacts, and many other details related to sequence mismatches.
Icons represent a number of different sequence modifications that can be observed in PDB files. For example the 'T' icon T represents expression tags that have been added to the sequence. The 'E' icon E represents an engineered mutation. However, besides these two, there are many other icons. For more information about the meaning and exact position of a sequence modification, move the cursor over the icon.
Validation Track

For more details on the Validation Track (Structure Summary Page only) see the dedicated help page.

Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from the SWISS-MODEL Repository  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
Organism icons generated by under CC BY. The authors are: Freepik, Icons8, OCHA, Scott de Jonge.

For more details on the Protein Feature view see the dedicated help page.