Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6 - O75581 (LRP6_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for O75581: 16
 
Function
Component of the Wnt-Fzd-LRP5-LRP6 complex that triggers beta-catenin signaling through inducing aggregation of receptor-ligand complexes into ribosome-sized signalsomes. Cell-surface coreceptor of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling, which plays a pivotal role in bone formation. The Wnt-induced Fzd/LRP6 coreceptor complex recruits DVL1 polymers to the plasma membrane which, in turn, recruits the AXIN1/GSK3B-complex to the cell surface promoting the formation of signalsomes and inhibiting AXIN1/GSK3-mediated phosphorylation and destruction of beta-catenin. Required for posterior patterning of the epiblast during gastrulation (By similarity). UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Homodimer; disulfide-linked. Forms phosphorylated oligomer aggregates on Wnt-signaling. Forms a WNT-signaling complex formed of a WNT protein, a FZD protein and LRP5 or LRP6. Interacts (via the extracellular domain) with WNT1; the interaction is enhanced by prior formation of the Wnt/Fzd complex. Interacts (via the beta-propeller regions 3 and 4) with WNT3A. Interacts (via the beta-propeller regions 1 and 2) with WNT9B. Interacts with FZD5; the interaction forms a coreceptor complex for Wnt signaling and is inhibited by DKK1 and DRAXIN. Interacts (via beta propeller region) with DKK1; the interaction inhibits FZD5/LRP6 complex formation. Interacts with DKK2. Interacts with C1orf187/DRAXIN; the interaction inhibits Wnt signaling (By similarity). Interacts (via the phosphorylated PPPSP motifs) with AXIN1; the interaction recruits the AXIN1/GSK3B complex to cell surface LRP6 signalsomes. Interacts with GRB10; the interaction prevents AXIN1 binding, thus negatively regulating the Wnt signaling pathway (By similarity). Interacts (via the extracellular domain) with RSPO1; the interaction activates Wnt/beta-catenin signaling. Interacts (via the extracellular domain) with RSPO3 (via the cysteine rich domain); the interaction activates Wnt/beta-catenin signaling. Interacts (via the beta-propeller regions 1 and 2) with SOST; the interaction competes with DKK1 for binding for inhibiting beta-catenin signaling. Interacts with MESD; the interaction prevents the formation of LRP6 aggregates and targets LRP6 to the plasma membrane (By similarity). Interacts (via the cytoplasmic domain) with CSNKIE; the interaction phosphorylates LRP6, binds AXIN1 and inhibits AXIN1/GSK3B-mediated phosphorylation of beta-catenin. Interacts with MACF1. Interacts with DAB2; the interaction involves LRP6 phosphorylation by CK2 and sequesters LRP6 towards clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Interacts with TMEM198. Interacts with CAPRIN2; the interaction promotes LRP6 phosphorylation at Ser-1490 (PubMed:18762581, PubMed:25331957). Found in a complex with CAPRIN2, CCNY and CDK14 during G2/M stage; CAPRIN2 functions as a scaffold for the complex by binding to CCNY via its N terminus and to CDK14 via its C terminus (PubMed:27821587). Interacts with LYPD6 (PubMed:23987510). Forms a ternary complex with DKK1 and KREM1 (PubMed:27524201). Interacts with KREM1 in a DKK1-dependent manner (PubMed:17804805). Interacts with MDK: this interaction is calcium dependent (By similarity). UniProt
Domain
The PPPSP motifs play a central role in signal transduction by being phosphorylated, leading to activate the Wnt signaling pathway. UniProt
This protein in other organisms (by gene name):
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Data origin/color codes
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Validation Track

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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from the SWISS-MODEL Repository  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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