6L8Q

Complex structure of bat CD26 and MERS-RBD


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.241 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.202 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report



Literature

Molecular Basis of Binding between Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus and CD26 from Seven Bat Species.

Yuan, Y.Qi, J.Peng, R.Li, C.Lu, G.Yan, J.Wang, Q.Gao, G.F.

(2020) J Virol 94

  • DOI: 10.1128/JVI.01387-19
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6L8Q

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Continued reports of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infecting humans have occurred since the identification of this virus in 2012. MERS-CoV is prone to cause endemic disease in the Middle East, with several dozen spillover in ...

    Continued reports of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infecting humans have occurred since the identification of this virus in 2012. MERS-CoV is prone to cause endemic disease in the Middle East, with several dozen spillover infections to other continents. It is hypothesized that MERS-CoV originated from bat coronaviruses and that dromedary camels are its natural reservoir. Although gene segments identical to MERS-CoV were sequenced from certain species of bats and one species experimentally shed the virus, it is still unknown whether other bats can transmit the virus. Here, at the molecular level, we found that all purified bat CD26s (bCD26s) from a diverse range of species interact with the receptor binding domain (RBD) of MERS-CoV, with equilibrium dissociation constant values ranging from several to hundreds at the micromolar level. Moreover, all bCD26s expressed in this study mediated the entry of pseudotyped MERS-CoV to receptor-expressing cells, indicating the broad potential engagement of bCD26s as MERS-CoV receptors. Further structural analysis indicated that in the bat receptor, compared to the human receptor, substitutions of key residues and their adjacent amino acids leads to decreased binding affinity to the MERS-RBD. These results add more evidence to the existing belief that bats are the original source of MERS-CoV and suggest that bCD26s in many species can mediate the entry of the virus, which has significant implications for the surveillance and control of MERS-CoV infection. IMPORTANCE In this study, we found that bat CD26s (bCD26s) from different species exhibit large diversities, especially in the region responsible for binding to the receptor binding domain (RBD) of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). However, they maintain the interaction with MERS-RBD at varied affinities and support the entry of pseudotyped MERS-CoV. These bat receptors polymorphisms seem to confer evolutionary pressure for the adaptation of CD26-binding virus, such as the ancestor of MERS-CoV, and led to the generation of diversified CD26-engaging CoV strains. Thus, our data add more evidence to support that bats are the reservoir of MERS-CoV and similar viruses, as well as further emphasize the necessity to survey MERS-CoV and other CoVs among bats.


    Related Citations: 
    • Molecular basis of binding between novel human coronavirus MERS-CoV and its receptor CD26.
      Lu, G., Hu, Y., Wang, Q., Qi, J., Gao, F., Li, Y., Zhang, Y., Zhang, W., Yuan, Y., Bao, J., Zhang, B., Shi, Y., Yan, J., Gao, G.F.
      (2013) Nature 500: 227

    Organizational Affiliation

    National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Dipeptidyl peptidase 4ACEG731Myotis davidiiMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: MDA_GLEAN10024208
Find proteins for L5LQ33 (Myotis davidii)
Explore L5LQ33 
Go to UniProtKB:  L5LQ33
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Spike glycoproteinBDFH246Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for K9N5Q8 (Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (isolate United Kingdom/H123990006/2012))
Explore K9N5Q8 
Go to UniProtKB:  K9N5Q8
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
I, K, L, M, O, P, Q, R, T, U, V, X, Y
2 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
J, N, S, W
3 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.241 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.202 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 114.657α = 90
b = 273.674β = 119.682
c = 115.234γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2019-11-07 
  • Released Date: 2019-12-04 
  • Deposition Author(s): Yuan, Y.

Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Science Foundation (China)China--

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-12-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2020-06-17
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary