Solution structure and dynamics of anti-CRISPR AcrIIA4, the Cas9 inhibitor.Kim, I., Jeong, M., Ka, D., Han, M., Kim, N.K., Bae, E., Suh, J.Y.
(2018) Sci Rep 8: 3883-3883
- PubMed: 29497118
- DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-22177-0
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The bacterial CRISPR-Cas system provides adaptive immunity against invading phages. Cas9, an RNA-guided endonuclease, specifically cleaves target DNA substrates and constitutes a well-established platform for genome editing. Recently, anti-CRISPR (Ac ...
The bacterial CRISPR-Cas system provides adaptive immunity against invading phages. Cas9, an RNA-guided endonuclease, specifically cleaves target DNA substrates and constitutes a well-established platform for genome editing. Recently, anti-CRISPR (Acr) proteins that inhibit Cas9 have been discovered, promising a useful off-switch for Cas9 to avoid undesirable off-target effects. Here, we report the solution structure and dynamics of Listeria monocytogenes AcrIIA4 that inhibits Streptococcus pyogenes Cas9 (SpyCas9). AcrIIA4 forms a compact monomeric αβββαα fold comprising three antiparallel β strands flanked by three α-helices and a short 3 10 -helix. AcrIIA4 exhibits distinct backbone dynamics in fast and slow timescales at loop regions that form interaction surfaces for SpyCas9. In particular, the β1-β2 loop that binds to the RuvC domain of SpyCas9 is highly mobile, and the β1-β2 and α2-α3 loops that bind to the RuvC and C-terminal domains of SpyCas9, respectively, undergoes conformational exchanges in microsecond-to-millisecond time scales. AcrIIA4 binds to apo-SpyCas9 with K D ~4.8 μM, which compares to K D ~0.6 nM for AcrIIA4 binding to sgRNA-bound SpyCas9. Since the binary complex between AcrIIA4 and SpyCas9 does not compete with the target DNA binding, it can effectively disable the Cas9 nuclease activity by forming a tight ternary complex in the presence of sgRNA.
Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Shinshu University, Minamiminowa, Nagano, 399-4598, Japan. firstname.lastname@example.org.