5V0L

Crystal structure of the AHR-ARNT heterodimer in complex with the DRE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.323 
  • R-Value Work: 0.285 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.287 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural hierarchy controlling dimerization and target DNA recognition in the AHR transcriptional complex.

Seok, S.H.Lee, W.Jiang, L.Molugu, K.Zheng, A.Li, Y.Park, S.Bradfield, C.A.Xing, Y.

(2017) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114: 5431-5436

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1617035114
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5V0L

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) belongs to the PAS (PER-ARNT-SIM) family transcription factors and mediates broad responses to numerous environmental pollutants and cellular metabolites, modulating diverse biological processes from adaptive metab ...

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) belongs to the PAS (PER-ARNT-SIM) family transcription factors and mediates broad responses to numerous environmental pollutants and cellular metabolites, modulating diverse biological processes from adaptive metabolism, acute toxicity, to normal physiology of vascular and immune systems. The AHR forms a transcriptionally active heterodimer with ARNT (AHR nuclear translocator), which recognizes the dioxin response element (DRE) in the promoter of downstream genes. We determined the crystal structure of the mammalian AHR-ARNT heterodimer in complex with the DRE, in which ARNT curls around AHR into a highly intertwined asymmetric architecture, with extensive heterodimerization interfaces and AHR interdomain interactions. Specific recognition of the DRE is determined locally by the DNA-binding residues, which discriminates it from the closely related hypoxia response element (HRE), and is globally affected by the dimerization interfaces and interdomain interactions. Changes at the interdomain interactions caused either AHR constitutive nuclear localization or failure to translocate to nucleus, underlying an allosteric structural pathway for mediating ligand-induced exposure of nuclear localization signal. These observations, together with the global higher flexibility of the AHR PAS-A and its loosely packed structural elements, suggest a dynamic structural hierarchy for complex scenarios of AHR activation induced by its diverse ligands.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Molecular and Environmental Toxicology Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocatorA279Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ARNTBHLHE2
Find proteins for P27540 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P27540 
Go to UniProtKB:  P27540
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P27540
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Aryl hydrocarbon receptorB241Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Ahr
Find proteins for P30561 (Mus musculus)
Explore P30561 
Go to UniProtKB:  P30561
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   Structure
  • Entity ID: 3
    MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
    DNA (5'-D(P*GP*GP*AP*TP*TP*GP*CP*GP*TP*GP*AP*GP*AP*AP*CP*TP*G)-3')C17Homo sapiens
    • Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   Structure
    • Entity ID: 4
      MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
      DNA (5'-D(P*AP*GP*TP*TP*CP*TP*CP*AP*CP*GP*CP*AP*AP*T)-3')D14Homo sapiens
      Small Molecules
      Ligands 2 Unique
      IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
      CIT
      Query on CIT

      Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
      B, C
      CITRIC ACID
      C6 H8 O7
      KRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
       Ligand Interaction
      PEG
      Query on PEG

      Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
      A, B
      DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
      C4 H10 O3
      MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
       Ligand Interaction
      Experimental Data & Validation

      Experimental Data

      • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
      • Resolution: 4.00 Å
      • R-Value Free: 0.323 
      • R-Value Work: 0.285 
      • R-Value Observed: 0.287 
      • Space Group: C 1 2 1
      Unit Cell:
      Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
      a = 78.199α = 90
      b = 64.364β = 100.14
      c = 157.725γ = 90
      Software Package:
      Software NamePurpose
      PHENIXrefinement
      HKL-2000data scaling
      PHENIXphasing
      HKL-2000data reduction

      Structure Validation

      View Full Validation Report



      Entry History & Funding Information

      Deposition Data


      Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
      National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United StatesR01 GM096060-01

      Revision History 

      • Version 1.0: 2017-04-19
        Type: Initial release
      • Version 1.1: 2017-04-26
        Changes: Database references
      • Version 1.2: 2017-06-07
        Changes: Database references
      • Version 1.3: 2017-09-27
        Changes: Author supporting evidence
      • Version 1.4: 2020-01-01
        Changes: Author supporting evidence