4WDZ

JC Polyomavirus VP1 five-fold pore mutant N221W


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.186 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.161 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Modulation of a Pore in the Capsid of JC Polyomavirus Reduces Infectivity and Prevents Exposure of the Minor Capsid Proteins.

Nelson, C.D.Stroh, L.J.Gee, G.V.O'Hara, B.A.Stehle, T.Atwood, W.J.

(2015) J Virol 89: 3910-3921

  • DOI: 10.1128/JVI.00089-15
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4WDY, 4WDZ, 4WE0

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • JC polyomavirus (JCPyV) infection of immunocompromised individuals results in the fatal demyelinating disease progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). The viral capsid of JCPyV is composed primarily of the major capsid protein virus protein 1 (VP1), and pentameric arrangement of VP1 monomers results in the formation of a pore at the 5-fold axis of symmetry ...

    JC polyomavirus (JCPyV) infection of immunocompromised individuals results in the fatal demyelinating disease progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). The viral capsid of JCPyV is composed primarily of the major capsid protein virus protein 1 (VP1), and pentameric arrangement of VP1 monomers results in the formation of a pore at the 5-fold axis of symmetry. While the presence of this pore is conserved among polyomaviruses, its functional role in infection or assembly is unknown. Here, we investigate the role of the 5-fold pore in assembly and infection of JCPyV by generating a panel of mutant viruses containing amino acid substitutions of the residues lining this pore. Multicycle growth assays demonstrated that the fitness of all mutants was reduced compared to that of the wild-type virus. Bacterial expression of VP1 pentamers containing substitutions to residues lining the 5-fold pore did not affect pentamer assembly or prevent association with the VP2 minor capsid protein. The X-ray crystal structures of selected pore mutants contained subtle changes to the 5-fold pore, and no other changes to VP1 were observed. Pore mutant pseudoviruses were not deficient in assembly, packaging of the minor capsid proteins, or binding to cells or in transport to the host cell endoplasmic reticulum. Instead, these mutant viruses were unable to expose VP2 upon arrival to the endoplasmic reticulum, a step that is critical for infection. This study demonstrated that the 5-fold pore is an important structural feature of JCPyV and that minor modifications to this structure have significant impacts on infectious entry.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, Cell Biology and Biochemistry, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA Walter_Atwood@brown.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Major capsid protein VP1 ABCDE272JC polyomavirusMutation(s): 1 
Find proteins for P03089 (JC polyomavirus)
Explore P03089 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03089
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.186 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.161 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 149.34α = 90
b = 95.98β = 110.48
c = 128.51γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
Cootmodel building
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2015-02-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-03-18
    Changes: Database references