4R5F

X-ray structure of the D199K mutant of the cysteine desulfurase IscS from A. fulgidus


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.151 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.153 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

IscS from Archaeoglobus fulgidus has no desulfurase activity but may provide a cysteine ligand for [Fe2S2] cluster assembly.

Pagnier, A.Nicolet, Y.Fontecilla-Camps, J.C.

(2015) Biochim Biophys Acta 1853: 1457-1463

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2014.10.015
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4R5F

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Iron sulfur ([Fe-S]) clusters are essential prosthetic groups involved in fundamental cell processes such as gene expression regulation, electron transfer and Lewis acid base chemistry. Central components of their biogenesis are pyridoxal-5'-phosphat ...

    Iron sulfur ([Fe-S]) clusters are essential prosthetic groups involved in fundamental cell processes such as gene expression regulation, electron transfer and Lewis acid base chemistry. Central components of their biogenesis are pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP) dependent l-cysteine desulfurases, which provide the necessary S atoms for [Fe-S] cluster assembly. The archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus (Af) has two ORFs, which although annotated as l-cysteine desulfurases of the ISC type (IscS), lack the essential Lys residue (K199 in Af) that forms a Schiff base with PLP. We have previously determined the structure of an Af(IscU-D35A-IscS)2 complex heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli and found it to contain a [Fe2S2] cluster. In order to understand the origin of sulfide in that structure we have performed a series of functional tests using wild type and mutated forms of AfIscS. In addition, we have determined the crystal structure of an AfIscS-D199K mutant. From these studies we conclude that: i) AfIscS has no desulfurase activity; ii) in our in vitro [Fe2S2] cluster assembly experiments, sulfide ions are non-enzymatically generated by a mixture of iron, l-cysteine and PLP and iii) the physiological role of AfIscS may be to provide a cysteine ligand to the nascent cluster as observed in the [Fe2S2]-Af(IscU-D35A-IscS)2 complex. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Fe/S proteins: Analysis, structure, function, biogenesis and diseases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Univ. Grenoble Alpes, IBS, F-38044 Grenoble, France; CNRS, IBS, F-38044 Grenoble, France; CEA, IBS, F-38044 Grenoble, France. Electronic address: juan.fontecilla@ibs.fr.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Cysteine desulfurase IscS 2A382Archaeoglobus fulgidus DSM 4304Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: iscS2AF_0564
EC: 2.8.1.7
Find proteins for O29689 (Archaeoglobus fulgidus (strain ATCC 49558 / VC-16 / DSM 4304 / JCM 9628 / NBRC 100126))
Explore O29689 
Go to UniProtKB:  O29689
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PMP
Query on PMP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
4'-DEOXY-4'-AMINOPYRIDOXAL-5'-PHOSPHATE
C8 H13 N2 O5 P
ZMJGSOSNSPKHNH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PG4
Query on PG4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
TETRAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C8 H18 O5
UWHCKJMYHZGTIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

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A
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.151 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.153 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 70.62α = 90
b = 102.89β = 90
c = 108.59γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
REFMACrefinement
ADSCdata collection
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling
REFMACphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-12-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-03-18
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2015-04-29
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2019-07-17
    Changes: Data collection, Refinement description