3SLA

X-ray structure of first four repeats of human beta-catenin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.277 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.221 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

An intrinsically labile alpha-helix abutting the BCL9-binding site of beta-catenin is required for its inhibition by carnosic acid.

de la Roche, M.Rutherford, T.J.Gupta, D.Veprintsev, D.B.Saxty, B.Freund, S.M.Bienz, M.

(2012) Nat Commun 3: 680-680

  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1680
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3SLA, 3SL9

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Wnt/β-catenin signalling controls development and tissue homeostasis. Moreover, activated β-catenin can be oncogenic and, notably, drives colorectal cancer. Inhibiting oncogenic β-catenin has proven a formidable challenge. Here we design a screen for sma ...

    Wnt/β-catenin signalling controls development and tissue homeostasis. Moreover, activated β-catenin can be oncogenic and, notably, drives colorectal cancer. Inhibiting oncogenic β-catenin has proven a formidable challenge. Here we design a screen for small-molecule inhibitors of β-catenin's binding to its cofactor BCL9, and discover five related natural compounds, including carnosic acid from rosemary, which attenuates transcriptional β-catenin outputs in colorectal cancer cells. Evidence from NMR and analytical ultracentrifugation demonstrates that the carnosic acid response requires an intrinsically labile α-helix (H1) amino-terminally abutting the BCL9-binding site in β-catenin. Similarly, in colorectal cancer cells with hyperactive β-catenin signalling, carnosic acid targets predominantly the transcriptionally active ('oncogenic') form of β-catenin for proteasomal degradation in an H1-dependent manner. Hence, H1 is an 'Achilles' Heel' of β-catenin, which can be exploited for destabilization of oncogenic β-catenin by small molecules, providing proof-of-principle for a new strategy for developing direct inhibitors of oncogenic β-catenin.


    Organizational Affiliation

    MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Catenin beta-1 ABCDE168Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Beta cateninCTNNBCTNNB1OK/SW-cl.35PRO2286
Find proteins for P35222 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P35222 
Go to UniProtKB:  P35222
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P35222
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.277 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.221 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 90.79α = 90
b = 90.79β = 90
c = 364.34γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2011-06-24 
  • Released Date: 2012-02-29 
  • Deposition Author(s): Gupta, D., Bienz, M.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-02-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-05-30
    Changes: Database references