3UC1

Mycobacterium tuberculosis gyrase type IIA topoisomerase C-terminal domain


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.189 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Mechanisms for Defining Supercoiling Set Point of DNA Gyrase Orthologs: II. THE SHAPE OF THE GyrA SUBUNIT C-TERMINAL DOMAIN (CTD) IS NOT A SOLE DETERMINANT FOR CONTROLLING SUPERCOILING EFFICIENCY.

Tretter, E.M.Berger, J.M.

(2012) J Biol Chem 287: 18645-18654

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M112.345736
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3UC1

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • DNA topoisomerases are essential enzymes that can overwind, underwind, and disentangle double-helical DNA segments to maintain the topological state of chromosomes. Nearly all bacteria utilize a unique type II topoisomerase, gyrase, which actively ad ...

    DNA topoisomerases are essential enzymes that can overwind, underwind, and disentangle double-helical DNA segments to maintain the topological state of chromosomes. Nearly all bacteria utilize a unique type II topoisomerase, gyrase, which actively adds negative supercoils to chromosomes using an ATP-dependent DNA strand passage mechanism; however, the specific activities of these enzymes can vary markedly from species to species. Escherichia coli gyrase is known to favor supercoiling over decatenation (Zechiedrich, E. L., Khodursky, A. B., and Cozzarelli, N. R. (1997) Genes Dev. 11, 2580-2592), whereas the opposite has been reported for Mycobacterium tuberculosis gyrase (Aubry, A., Fisher, L. M., Jarlier, V., and Cambau, E. (2006) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 348, 158-165). Here, we set out to understand the molecular basis for these differences using structural and biochemical approaches. Contrary to expectations based on phylogenetic inferences, we find that the dedicated DNA wrapping domains (the C-terminal domains) of both gyrases are highly similar, both architecturally and in their ability to introduce writhe into DNA. However, the M. tuberculosis enzyme lacks a C-terminal control element recently uncovered in E. coli gyrase (see accompanying article (Tretter, E. M., and Berger, J. M. (2012) J. Biol. Chem. 287, 18636-18644)) and turns over ATP at a much slower rate. Together, these findings demonstrate that C-terminal domain shape is not the sole regulatory determinant of gyrase activity and instead indicate that an inability to tightly couple DNA wrapping to ATP turnover is why M. tuberculosis gyrase cannot supercoil DNA to the same extent as its γ-proteobacterial counterpart. Our observations demonstrate that gyrase has been modified in multiple ways throughout evolution to fine-tune its specific catalytic properties.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Division of Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA gyrase subunit AA327Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37RvMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: gyrAMRA_0006Rv0006MTCY10H4.04
EC: 5.99.1.3 (PDB Primary Data), 5.6.2.2 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P9WG47 (Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv))
Explore P9WG47 
Go to UniProtKB:  P9WG47
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.189 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 38.871α = 90
b = 82.842β = 90
c = 83.433γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-03-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-04-25
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2012-06-13
    Changes: Database references