3KLM

17beta-HSD1 in complex with DHT


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.257 
  • R-Value Work: 0.217 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.219 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 stimulates breast cancer by dihydrotestosterone inactivation in addition to estradiol production.

Aka, J.A.Mazumdar, M.Chen, C.Q.Poirier, D.Lin, S.X.

(2010) Mol Endocrinol 24: 832-845

  • DOI: 10.1210/me.2009-0468
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3KLM

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The active estrogen estradiol (E2) stimulates breast cancer cell (BCC) growth, whereas the androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT) has shown an antiproliferative effect. The principal product synthesized by the 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (17beta-HSD1) is E2, although we have demonstrated that the purified enzyme also inactivates DHT ...

    The active estrogen estradiol (E2) stimulates breast cancer cell (BCC) growth, whereas the androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT) has shown an antiproliferative effect. The principal product synthesized by the 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (17beta-HSD1) is E2, although we have demonstrated that the purified enzyme also inactivates DHT. However, the direct roles of 17beta-HSD1 in sex-hormone regulation and BCC proliferation have not been completely established. Here, we show that 17beta-HSD1 inhibition suppresses DHT catabolism by 19%, whereas knockdown of the gene expression increases the concentration of DHT by 41% in the T47D BCC line. The 17beta-HSD1/DHT complex crystal structure reveals that DHT binds in both normal and reverse modes, but the latter mode leading to O3 reduction is preferred with stronger interactions. Using RNA interference and an inhibitor of 17beta-HSD1, we demonstrate that 17beta-HSD1 expression is negatively correlated to DHT levels in BCC but positively correlated to estrone reduction, E2 levels, and cell proliferation. 17beta-HSD1 inhibition reduces DHT inactivation, increasing the antiproliferative effect by DHT in T47D cells after 8 d treatment. Thus, 17beta-HSD1 up-regulates BCC growth by a dual action on estradiol synthesis and DHT inactivation. We have further demonstrated that 17beta-HSD1 can enhance the E2-induced expression of the endogenous estrogen-responsive gene pS2, providing an important information regarding the modulation of the estrogen responsiveness by 17beta-HSD1 that may also contribute to BCC growth. These results strongly support the rationale for inhibiting 17beta-HSD1 in breast cancer therapy to eliminate estrogen activation via the sulfatase pathway while avoiding the deprivation of DHT.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Research Center of the Laval University Hospital Center (CHUQ-CHUL) and Laval University, Québec, Canada.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Estradiol 17-beta-dehydrogenase 1 X327Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HSD17B1E17KSREDH17B1EDH17B2EDHB17SDR28C1
EC: 1.1.1.62 (PDB Primary Data), 1.1.1.51 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P14061 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P14061 
Go to UniProtKB:  P14061
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P14061
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
DHT
Query on DHT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
X
5-ALPHA-DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE
C19 H30 O2
NVKAWKQGWWIWPM-ABEVXSGRSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
X
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.257 
  • R-Value Work: 0.217 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.219 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 123.246α = 90
b = 43.36β = 100.18
c = 60.398γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
REFMACrefinement
d*TREKdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2009-11-08 
  • Released Date: 2010-04-21 
  • Deposition Author(s): Mazumdar, M.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2010-04-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance