3BEJ

Structure of human FXR in complex with MFA-1 and co-activator peptide


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.254 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Identification of a potent synthetic FXR agonist with an unexpected mode of binding and activation.

Soisson, S.M.Parthasarathy, G.Adams, A.D.Sahoo, S.Sitlani, A.Sparrow, C.Cui, J.Becker, J.W.

(2008) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105: 5337-5342

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0710981105
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3BEJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The farnesoid X receptor (FXR), a member of the nuclear hormone receptor family, plays important roles in the regulation of bile acid and cholesterol homeostasis, glucose metabolism, and insulin sensitivity. There is intense interest in understanding the mechanisms of FXR regulation and in developing pharmaceutically suitable synthetic FXR ligands that might be used to treat metabolic syndrome ...

    The farnesoid X receptor (FXR), a member of the nuclear hormone receptor family, plays important roles in the regulation of bile acid and cholesterol homeostasis, glucose metabolism, and insulin sensitivity. There is intense interest in understanding the mechanisms of FXR regulation and in developing pharmaceutically suitable synthetic FXR ligands that might be used to treat metabolic syndrome. We report here the identification of a potent FXR agonist (MFA-1) and the elucidation of the structure of this ligand in ternary complex with the human receptor and a coactivator peptide fragment using x-ray crystallography at 1.9-A resolution. The steroid ring system of MFA-1 binds with its D ring-facing helix 12 (AF-2) in a manner reminiscent of hormone binding to classical steroid hormone receptors and the reverse of the pose adopted by naturally occurring bile acids when bound to FXR. This binding mode appears to be driven by the presence of a carboxylate on MFA-1 that is situated to make a salt-bridge interaction with an arginine residue in the FXR-binding pocket that is normally used to neutralize bound bile acids. Receptor activation by MFA-1 differs from that by bile acids in that it relies on direct interactions between the ligand and residues in helices 11 and 12 and only indirectly involves a protonated histidine that is part of the activation trigger. The structure of the FXR:MFA-1 complex differs significantly from that of the complex with a structurally distinct agonist, fexaramine, highlighting the inherent plasticity of the receptor.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Merck Research Laboratories, POB 2000, Rahway, NJ 07065, USA. stephen_soisson@merck.com



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Bile acid receptor AB238Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: NR1H4BARFXRHRR1RIP14
Find proteins for Q96RI1 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q96RI1 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q96RI1
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q96RI1
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Nuclear receptor coactivator 1 EF25Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: NCOA1SRC1BHLHE74
EC: 2.3.1.48
Find proteins for Q15788 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q15788 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q15788
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q15788
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MUF
Query on MUF

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
(8alpha,10alpha,13alpha,17beta)-17-[(4-hydroxyphenyl)carbonyl]androsta-3,5-diene-3-carboxylic acid
C27 H32 O4
RPNNXCYIESWDSC-JRZBRKEGSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
YT3
Query on YT3

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
YTTRIUM (III) ION
Y
GRTBAGCGDOYUBE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.254 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 41.642α = 90
b = 90.889β = 90
c = 129.651γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SHARPphasing
TNTrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
ADSCdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
BUSTER-TNTrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2008-03-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-25
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 1.3: 2018-01-24
    Changes: Structure summary
  • Version 1.4: 2019-07-31
    Changes: Advisory, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary