2PUY

Crystal Structure of the BHC80 PHD finger


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.43 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.208 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Recognition of unmethylated histone H3 lysine 4 links BHC80 to LSD1-mediated gene repression.

Lan, F.Collins, R.E.De Cegli, R.Alpatov, R.Horton, J.R.Shi, X.Gozani, O.Cheng, X.Shi, Y.

(2007) Nature 448: 718-722

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature06034
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2PUY

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Histone methylation is crucial for regulating chromatin structure, gene transcription and the epigenetic state of the cell. LSD1 is a lysine-specific histone demethylase that represses transcription by demethylating histone H3 on lysine 4 (ref. 1). The LSD1 complex contains a number of proteins, all of which have been assigned roles in events upstream of LSD1-mediated demethylation apart from BHC80 (also known as PHF21A), a plant homeodomain (PHD) finger-containing protein ...

    Histone methylation is crucial for regulating chromatin structure, gene transcription and the epigenetic state of the cell. LSD1 is a lysine-specific histone demethylase that represses transcription by demethylating histone H3 on lysine 4 (ref. 1). The LSD1 complex contains a number of proteins, all of which have been assigned roles in events upstream of LSD1-mediated demethylation apart from BHC80 (also known as PHF21A), a plant homeodomain (PHD) finger-containing protein. Here we report that, in contrast to the PHD fingers of the bromodomain PHD finger transcription factor (BPTF) and inhibitor of growth family 2 (ING2), which bind methylated H3K4 (H3K4me3), the PHD finger of BHC80 binds unmethylated H3K4 (H3K4me0), and this interaction is specifically abrogated by methylation of H3K4. The crystal structure of the PHD finger of BHC80 bound to an unmodified H3 peptide has revealed the structural basis of the recognition of H3K4me0. Knockdown of BHC80 by RNA inhibition results in the de-repression of LSD1 target genes, and this repression is restored by the reintroduction of wild-type BHC80 but not by a PHD-finger mutant that cannot bind H3. Chromatin immunoprecipitation showed that BHC80 and LSD1 depend reciprocally on one another to associate with chromatin. These findings couple the function of BHC80 to that of LSD1, and indicate that unmodified H3K4 is part of the 'histone code'. They further raise the possibility that the generation and recognition of the unmodified state on histone tails in general might be just as crucial as post-translational modifications of histone for chromatin and transcriptional regulation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, 77 Ave Louis Pasteur, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PHD finger protein 21A AB60Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PHF21ABHC80KIAA1696BM-006
Find proteins for Q96BD5 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q96BD5 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q96BD5
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q96BD5
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H3 E10N/AMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q6NXT2 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q6NXT2 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q6NXT2
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q6NXT2
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.43 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.208 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 79.511α = 90
b = 25.386β = 96.93
c = 62.282γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MAR345dtbdata collection
SOLVEphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2007-08-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance