2GO4

Crystal structure of Aquifex aeolicus LpxC complexed with TU-514


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.241 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Mechanistic Inferences from the Binding of Ligands to LpxC, a Metal-Dependent Deacetylase

Gennadios, H.A.Whittington, D.A.Li, X.Fierke, C.A.Christianson, D.W.

(2006) Biochemistry 45: 7940-7948

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi060823m
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2GO4, 2GO3

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The metal-dependent deacetylase LpxC catalyzes the first committed step of lipid A biosynthesis in Gram-negative bacteria. Accordingly, LpxC is an attractive target for the development of inhibitors that may serve as potential new antibiotics for the ...

    The metal-dependent deacetylase LpxC catalyzes the first committed step of lipid A biosynthesis in Gram-negative bacteria. Accordingly, LpxC is an attractive target for the development of inhibitors that may serve as potential new antibiotics for the treatment of Gram-negative bacterial infections. Here, we report the 2.7 A resolution X-ray crystal structure of LpxC complexed with the substrate analogue inhibitor TU-514 and the 2.0 A resolution structure of LpxC complexed with imidazole. The X-ray crystal structure of LpxC complexed with TU-514 allows for a detailed examination of the coordination geometry of the catalytic zinc ion and other enzyme-inhibitor interactions in the active site. The hydroxamate group of TU-514 forms a bidentate chelate complex with the zinc ion and makes hydrogen bond interactions with conserved active site residues E78, H265, and T191. The inhibitor C-4 hydroxyl group makes direct hydrogen bond interactions with E197 and H58. Finally, the C-3 myristate moiety of the inhibitor binds in the hydrophobic tunnel of the active site. These intermolecular interactions provide a foundation for understanding structural aspects of enzyme-substrate and enzyme-inhibitor affinity. Comparison of the TU-514 complex with cacodylate and imidazole complexes suggests a possible substrate diphosphate binding site and highlights residues that may stabilize the tetrahedral intermediate and its flanking transition states in catalysis. Evidence of a catalytic zinc ion in the native zinc enzyme coordinated by H79, H238, D242, and two water molecules with square pyramidal geometry is also presented. These results suggest that the native state of this metallohydrolase may contain a pentacoordinate zinc ion, which contrasts with the native states of archetypical zinc hydrolases such as thermolysin and carboxypeptidase A.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Roy and Diana Vagelos Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6323, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
UDP-3-O-[3-hydroxymyristoyl] N-acetylglucosamine deacetylaseAB267Aquifex aeolicusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: lpxCenvA
EC: 3.5.1 (PDB Primary Data), 3.5.1.108 (UniProt)
Find proteins for O67648 (Aquifex aeolicus (strain VF5))
Explore O67648 
Go to UniProtKB:  O67648
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
TUXIC50 :  7000   nM  PDBBind
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.241 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • Space Group: P 61
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 100.729α = 90
b = 100.729β = 90
c = 121.299γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data reduction
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-07-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance