Structural analysis of the human Golgi-associated plant pathogenesis related protein GAPR-1 implicates dimerization as a regulatory mechanismSerrano, R.L., Kuhn, A., Hendricks, A., Helms, J.B., Sinning, I., Groves, M.R.
(2004) J Mol Biol 339: 173-183
- PubMed: 15123429
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2004.03.015
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Crystallization of a Golgi-associated PR-1-related protein (GAPR-1) that localizes to lipid-enriched microdomains
Groves, M.R., Kuhn, A., Hendricks, A., Radke, S., Serrano, R.L., Helms, J.B., Sinning, I.
(2004) Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 60: 730
The plant pathogenesis related proteins group 1 (PR-1) and a variety of related mammalian proteins constitute a PR-1 protein family that share sequence and structural similarities. GAPR-1 is a unique family member as thus far it is the only PR-1 family m ...
The plant pathogenesis related proteins group 1 (PR-1) and a variety of related mammalian proteins constitute a PR-1 protein family that share sequence and structural similarities. GAPR-1 is a unique family member as thus far it is the only PR-1 family member that is not co-translationally targeted to the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum before trafficking to either vacuoles or secretion. Here we report that GAPR-1 may form dimers in vitro and in vivo, as determined by yeast two-hybrid screening, biochemical and biophysical assays. The 1.55A crystal structure demonstrates that GAPR-1 is structurally homologous to the other PR-1 family members previously solved (p14a and Ves V 5). Through an examination of inter-molecular interactions between GAPR-1 molecules in the crystal lattice, we propose a number of the highly conserved amino acid residues of the PR-1 family to be involved in the regulation of dimer formation of GAPR-1 with potential implications for other PR-1 family members. We show that mutagenesis of these conserved amino acid residues leads to a greatly increased dimer population. A recent report suggests that PR-1 family members may exhibit serine protease activity and further examination of the dimer interface of GAPR-1 indicates that a catalytic triad similar to that of serine proteases may be formed across the dimer interface by residues from both molecules within the dimer.
Biochemie-Zentrum Heidelberg, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimerfeld 328, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.