Rho family-interacting cell polarization regulator 2 - Q9Y4F9 (RIPR2_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

 
Function
Acts as an inhibitor of the small GTPase RHOA and plays several roles in the regulation of myoblast and hair cell differentiation, lymphocyte T proliferation and neutrophil polarization (PubMed:17150207, PubMed:24687993, PubMed:23241886, PubMed:24958875, PubMed:25588844, PubMed:27556504). Inhibits chemokine-induced T lymphocyte responses, such as cell adhesion, polarization and migration (PubMed:23241886). Involved also in the regulation of neutrophil polarization, chemotaxis and adhesion (By similarity). Required for normal development of inner and outer hair cell stereocilia within the cochlea of the inner ear (By similarity). Plays a role for maintaining the structural organization of the basal domain of stereocilia (By similarity). Involved in mechanosensory hair cell function (By similarity). Required for normal hearing (PubMed:24958875). UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Homooligomer; homooligomerization is regulated by RHOC and leads to the formation of concatemers through the association of N- and C-termini (By similarity). Interacts with 14-3-3 proteins; these interactions occur during myogenic cell differentiation (PubMed:24687993). Interacts with HDAC6; this interaction occurs during early myogenic differentiation and prevents HDAC6 to deacetylate tubulin (PubMed:24687993). Interacts with DYSF; this interaction occurs during early myogenic differentiation (PubMed:24687993). Interacts with MYOF (PubMed:24687993). Interacts with RHOC (By similarity). Isoform 1 and isoform 2 interact (via active GTP- or inactive GDP-bound forms) with RHOA; these interactions are direct, block the loading of GTP to RHOA and decrease upon chemokine CCL19 stimulation in primary T lymphocytes (PubMed:23241886, PubMed:25588844). Isoform 2 interacts (phosphorylated form) with HDAC6; this interaction induces T cell proliferation arrest (PubMed:27556504). Isoform 2 interacts (phosphorylated form) with 14-3-3 proteins; these interactions induces T cell proliferation arrest (PubMed:27556504). Isoform 2 interacts with 14-3-3 proteins (PubMed:25588844). Isoform 2 interacts (via phosphorylated form) with YWHAB; this interaction occurs in a chemokine-dependent manner and does not compete for binding of RIPOR2 with RHOA nor blocks inhibition of RIPOR2-mediated RHOA activity (PubMed:25588844). Isoform 2 interacts with YWHAE (PubMed:25588844). Isoform 2 interacts with YWHAQ (PubMed:25588844). UniProt
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Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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