Survival motor neuron protein - Q9VV74 (SMN_DROME)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Number of PDB entries for Q9VV74: 1
 
Function
The SMN complex plays an essential role in spliceosomal snRNP assembly in the cytoplasm, is required for pre-mRNA splicing in the nucleus and acts as a chaperone that discriminates target and non-target RNAs of Sm proteins. Required for normal expression of spliceosomal snRNAs and for U12 intron splicing. Required in cholinergic neurons, but not in motor neurons, to ensure correct splicing and proper levels of stas mRNA and normal neurotransmitter release by motor neurons (PubMed:23063130 and PubMed:23063131). However, Smn is required in motor neurons, but not in cholinergic neurons, for normal motor behavior but plays no role in synaptic transmission according to PubMed:23103409. In both muscle and neurons, required for the formation of a normal neuromuscular junction (NMJ) structure. Plays a neuron-specific role in long-term homeostatic compensation at the larval NMJ. In the thorax of adult flies, required for Act88F, an indirect flight muscle (IFM)-specific actin, expression and for proper IFM myofibril formation. In nurse cells, oocytes and follicle cells, required to maintain normal organization of nuclear compartments including chromosomes, nucleoli, Cajal bodies, histone locus bodies and heterochromatin. Required for the functional integrity of the cytoplasmic U snRNP body (U body) and P body. Required in dividing postembryonic neuroblasts (pNBs) for the correct basal localization of mira. The tight regulation of its expression is critical for stem cell division, proliferation and differentiation in male germline and developing central nervous system (CNS). Required for tracheal terminal cell lumen formation. (data source: UniProt  )
Subunit structure
Homodimer (via C-terminal region). Part of the core SMN complex, which seems to be composed of Smn and Gem2 only. The SMN complex associates with the entire set of spliceosomal snRNP Sm proteins, SmB, SmD1, SmD2, SmD3, SmE, SmF and SmG, and with the snRNP-specific proteins snRNP-U1-70K, U2A, snf/U1A and U5-116KD. Associates weakly with Gem3. Interacts with SmB and SmD1; the interaction is favored by methylation of the Sm proteins. Interacts with Actn; the interaction occurs in thoracic tissues and in adult flies. Interacts with Rpp20, msk and snupn. (data source: UniProt  )
UniProtKB:
Species: 
Gene names: Smn CG16725
Length:
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Data origin/color codes
The vertical color bar on the left side indicates data provenance.
Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  

The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).