Double homeobox protein 4 - Q9UBX2 (DUX4_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for Q9UBX2: 9
Transcription factor that is selectively and transiently expressed in cleavage-stage embryos (PubMed:28459457). Binds to double-stranded DNA elements with the consensus sequence 5'-TAATCTAATCA-3' (PubMed:28459457, PubMed:28459454, PubMed:29572508, PubMed:30540931, PubMed:30315230). Binds to chromatin containing histone H3 acetylated at 'Lys-27' (H3K27ac) and promotes deacetylation of H3K27ac. In parallel, binds to chromatin that lacks histone H3 acetylation at 'Lys-27' (H3K27ac) and recruits EP300 and CREBBP to promote acetylation of histone H3 at 'Lys-27' at new sites (PubMed:26951377). Involved in transcriptional regulation of numerous genes, primarily as transcriptional activator, but mediates also repression of a set of target genes (PubMed:17984056, PubMed:27378237, PubMed:26951377, PubMed:28459457, PubMed:28459454, PubMed:29618456, PubMed:30540931, PubMed:29572508). Promotes expression of ZSCAN4 and KDM4E, two proteins with essential roles during early embryogenesis (PubMed:27378237, PubMed:26951377, PubMed:28459457, PubMed:29618456). Heterologous expression in cultured embryonic stem cells mediates also transcription of HERVL retrotransposons and transcripts derived from ACRO1 and HSATII satellite repeats (PubMed:28459457). May activate expression of PITX1 (PubMed:17984056). May regulate microRNA (miRNA) expression (PubMed:24145033). Inappropriate expression can inhibit myogenesis and promote apoptosis (PubMed:26951377, PubMed:28935672, PubMed:29618456). UniProt
Pathway Maps
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Subunit Structure
Binds DNA as a monomer (PubMed:30322619, PubMed:30540931). Interacts (via C-terminus) with EP300 and CREBBP (PubMed:26951377). UniProt
The C-terminal region is required for efficient activation of transcription from target promoters (PubMed:26951377, PubMed:29618456). It mediates interaction with EP300 and CREBBP (PubMed:26951377). UniProt
  • Isoforms: 2 , currently showing only the 'canonical' sequence.
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Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
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