Mucolipin-1 - Q9GZU1 (MCLN1_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for Q9GZU1: 5
 
Function
Nonselective cation channel probably playing a role in the regulation of membrane trafficking events and of metal homeostasis. Proposed to play a major role in Ca(2+) release from late endosome and lysosome vesicles to the cytoplasm, which is important for many lysosome-dependent cellular events, including the fusion and trafficking of these organelles, exocytosis and autophagy (PubMed:11013137, PubMed:12459486, PubMed:15336987, PubMed:14749347). Required for efficient uptake of large particles in macrophages in which Ca(2+) release from the lysosomes triggers lysosomal exocytosis. May also play a role in phagosome-lysosome fusion (By similarity). Involved in lactosylceramide trafficking indicative for a role in the regulation of late endocytic membrane fusion/fission events (PubMed:16978393). By mediating lysosomal Ca(2+) release is involved in regulation of mTORC1 signaling and in mTOR/TFEB-dependent lysosomal adaptation to environmental cues such as nutrient levels (PubMed:27787197, PubMed:25733853). Seems to act as lysosomal active oxygen species (ROS) sensor involved in ROS-induced TFEB activation and autophagy (PubMed:27357649). Functions as a Fe(2+) permeable channel in late endosomes and lysosomes (PubMed:18794901). Proposed to play a role in zinc homeostasis probably implicating its association with TMEM163 (PubMed:25130899) In adaptive immunity, TRPML2 and TRPML1 may play redundant roles in the function of the specialized lysosomes of B cells. UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Forms homooligomeric complexes; probably tetrameric (PubMed:14749347, PubMed:28112729). Can heterooligomerize with MCOLN2 or MCOLN3; heteromeric assemblies have different channel properties as compared to the respective homooligomers and may be tissue-specific (PubMed:19885840). Interacts with PDCD6 (PubMed:19864416). Interacts with TMEM163 (PubMed:25130899). Interacts with LAPTM4B (PubMed:21224396). UniProt
Domain
The most N-terminal extracellular/lumenal domain (referred to as I-II linker or polycystin-mucolipin domain) contributes to a structure with a four-fold rotational symmetry in a tetrameric assembly; the structure contains a central highly electronegative pore with a 14 A diameter. The pore is critical for Ca(2+) and pH regulation. The protruding structure formed by the I-II linkers may contain all the interaction sites with lipids and proteins in the endolysosomal lumen. UniProt
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
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Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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