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Ubiquitin thioesterase OTUB1 - Q96FW1 (OTUB1_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Number of PDB entries for Q96FW1: 7
 
Function
Hydrolase that can specifically remove 'Lys-48'-linked conjugated ubiquitin from proteins and plays an important regulatory role at the level of protein turnover by preventing degradation. Regulator of T-cell anergy, a phenomenon that occurs when T-cells are rendered unresponsive to antigen rechallenge and no longer respond to their cognate antigen. Acts via its interaction with RNF128/GRAIL, a crucial inductor of CD4 T-cell anergy. Isoform 1 destabilizes RNF128, leading to prevent anergy. In contrast, isoform 2 stabilizes RNF128 and promotes anergy. Surprisingly, it regulates RNF128-mediated ubiquitination, but does not deubiquitinate polyubiquitinated RNF128. Deubiquitinates estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1). Mediates deubiquitination of 'Lys-48'-linked polyubiquitin chains, but not 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitin chains. Not able to cleave di-ubiquitin. Also capable of removing NEDD8 from NEDD8 conjugates, but with a much lower preference compared to 'Lys-48'-linked ubiquitin. (data source: UniProt  )
Plays a key non-catalytic role in DNA repair regulation by inhibiting activity of RNF168, an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase that promotes accumulation of 'Lys-63'-linked histone H2A and H2AX at DNA damage sites. Inhibits RNF168 independently of ubiquitin thioesterase activity by binding and inhibiting UBE2N/UBC13, the E2 partner of RNF168, thereby limiting spreading of 'Lys-63'-linked histone H2A and H2AX marks. Inhibition occurs by binding to free ubiquitin: free ubiquitin acts as an allosteric regulator that increases affinity for UBE2N/UBC13 and disrupts interaction with UBE2V1. The OTUB1-UBE2N/UBC13-free ubiquitin complex adopts a configuration that mimics a cleaved 'Lys48'-linked di-ubiquitin chain. (data source: UniProt  )
Subunit structure
Isoform 1 and isoform 2 interact with RNF128. Isoform 1 forms a ternary complex with RNF128 and USP8. Isoform 1 interacts with the C-terminal UCH catalytic domain of USP8. Isoform 2 does not associate with USP8. Interacts with FUS, ESR1 and GNB2L1/RACK1. Interacts with UBE2N/UBC13. (data source: UniProt  )
Domain
In addition to ubiquitin-binding at the Cys-91 active site, a proximal ubiquitin-binding site is also present at Cys-23 Occupancy of the active site is needed to enable tight binding to the second site. Distinct binding sites for the ubiquitins may allow to discriminate among different isopeptide linkages (i.e. 'Lys-48'-, 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitin) in polyubiquitin substrates and achieve linkage-specific deubiquitination. (data source: UniProt  )
UniProtKB:
Species: 
Gene names: Gene View for OTUB1 OTB1 OTU1 HSPC263
Length:
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Data origin/color codes
The vertical color bar on the left side indicates data provenance.
Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  

The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).