Myocardin-related transcription factor A - Q969V6 (MRTFA_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for Q969V6: 2
Transcription coactivator that associates with the serum response factor (SRF) transcription factor to control expression of genes regulating the cytoskeleton during development, morphogenesis and cell migration. The SRF-MRTFA complex activity responds to Rho GTPase-induced changes in cellular globular actin (G-actin) concentration, thereby coupling cytoskeletal gene expression to cytoskeletal dynamics. MRTFA binds G-actin via its RPEL repeats, regulating activity of the MRTFA-SRF complex. Activity is also regulated by filamentous actin (F-actin) in the nucleus. UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Interacts with SRF, forming the SRF-MRTFA nuclear complex which binds the 5'-CArG-3' consensus motif (CArG box) on DNA via SRF (PubMed:14565952, PubMed:19350017). Interacts (via RPEL repeats) with globular actin (G-actin), thereby regulating its subcellular location and activity of the complex formed with SRF (PubMed:19350017). Either forms a trivalent (by binding three G-actin monomers) or pentavalent (by binding five G-actin monomers) complex with G-actin (By similarity). Forms a nuclear ternary complex with SCAI and SRF, leading to suppress MRTFA-induced SRF transcriptional activity (PubMed:19350017). Interacts with beta-actin (ACTB); interaction with ACTB prevents interaction with SCAI (By similarity). Interacts with MRTFB (PubMed:14565952). UniProt
The RPEL repeats mediate binding to globular actin (G-actin); each RPEL repeat-binding to one G-actin monomer. In addition, each intervening spacer sequence region can bind one G-actin monomer, to reach a pentavalent complex. UniProt
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