Golgi-specific brefeldin A-resistance guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1 - Q92538 (GBF1_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for Q92538: 0
 
Function
Guanine-nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for members of the Arf family of small GTPases involved in trafficking in the early secretory pathway; its GEF activity initiates the coating of nascent vesicles via the localized generation of activated ARFs through replacement of GDP with GTP. Recruitment to cis-Golgi membranes requires membrane association of Arf-GDP and can be regulated by ARF1, ARF3, ARF4 and ARF5. Involved in the recruitment of the COPI coat complex to the endoplasmic reticulum exit sites (ERES), and the endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate (ERGIC) and cis-Golgi compartments which implicates ARF1 activation. Involved in COPI vesicle-dependent retrograde transport from the ERGIC and cis-Golgi compartments to the endoplasmatic reticulum (ER) (PubMed:16926190, PubMed:17956946, PubMed:18003980, PubMed:12047556, PubMed:12808027, PubMed:19039328, PubMed:24213530). Involved in the trans-Golgi network recruitment of GGA1, GGA2, GGA3, BIG1, BIG2, and the AP-1 adaptor protein complex related to chlathrin-dependent transport; the function requires its GEF activity (probably at least in part on ARF4 and ARF5) (PubMed:23386609). Has GEF activity towards ARF1 (PubMed:15616190). Has in vitro GEF activity towards ARF5 (By similarity). Involved in the processing of PSAP (PubMed:17666033). Required for the assembly of the Golgi apparatus (PubMed:12808027, PubMed:18003980). The AMPK-phosphorylated form is involved in Golgi disassembly during mitotis and under stress conditions (PubMed:18063581, PubMed:23418352). May be involved in the COPI vesicle-dependent recruitment of PNPLA2 to lipid droplets; however, this function is under debate (PubMed:19461073, PubMed:22185782). In neutrophils, involved in G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-mediated chemotaxis und superoxide production. Proposed to be recruited by phosphatidylinositol-phosphates generated upon GPCR stimulation to the leading edge where it recruits and activates ARF1, and is involved in recruitment of GIT2 and the NADPH oxidase complex (PubMed:22573891). (data source: UniProt  )
Subunit structure
Can form homodimers and probably homotetramers (PubMed:17640864). Interacts with COPG1; the interaction is independent on ARF1 activation (PubMed:19039328). Interacts with ARF1, ARF3, ARF4 and ARF5 (PubMed:15616190, PubMed:17956946). Interacts with RAB1B (GTP-bound form); required for GBF1 membrane association (PubMed:17429068). Interacts with GGA1, GGA2 and GGA3 (PubMed:17666033). Interacts with USO1 (PubMed:12634853). Interacts (via SEC7 domain) with PNPLA2 (via C-terminus); the interaction is direct (PubMed:21789191). Interacts with poliovirus protein 3A (PubMed:17005635). (data source: UniProt  )
Domain
The DCB (dimerization and cyclophiln-binding) and HUS (homology upstream of Sec7) domains are necessary for dimerization. The DCB domain is proposed to support constitutive homodimerization; the HUS domain interacts with the DCB domain which may occur intramolecular or intermolecuar. (data source: UniProt  )
UniProtKB:
Length:
Isoforms: 3, currently showing only the 'canonical' sequence.
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Data origin/color codes
The vertical color bar on the left side indicates data provenance.
Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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