Cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding protein 3 - Q8NE35 (CPEB3_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Sequence-specific RNA-binding protein which acts as a translational repressor in the basal unstimulated state but, following neuronal stimulation, acts as a translational activator (By similarity). In contrast to CPEB1, does not bind to the cytoplasmic polyadenylation element (CPE), a uridine-rich sequence element within the mRNA 3'-UTR, but binds to a U-rich loop within a stem-loop structure (By similarity). Required for the consolidation and maintenance of hippocampal-based long term memory (By similarity). In the basal state, binds to the mRNA 3'-UTR of the glutamate receptors GRIA2/GLUR2 mRNA and negatively regulates their translation (By similarity). Also represses the translation of DLG4, GRIN1, GRIN2A and GRIN2B (By similarity). When activated, acts as a translational activator of GRIA1 and GRIA2 (By similarity). In the basal state, suppresses SUMO2 translation but activates it following neuronal stimulation (By similarity). Binds to the 3'-UTR of TRPV1 mRNA and represses TRPV1 translation which is required to maintain normal thermoception (By similarity). Binds actin mRNA, leading to actin translational repression in the basal state and to translational activation following neuronal stimulation (By similarity). Negatively regulates target mRNA levels by binding to TOB1 which recruits CNOT7/CAF1 to a ternary complex and this leads to target mRNA deadenylation and decay (PubMed:21336257). In addition to its role in translation, binds to and inhibits the transcriptional activation activity of STAT5B without affecting its dimerization or DNA-binding activity. This, in turn, represses transcription of the STAT5B target gene EGFR which has been shown to play a role in enhancing learning and memory performance (PubMed:20639532). In contrast to CPEB1, CPEB2 and CPEB4, not required for cell cycle progression (PubMed:26398195). UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Following synaptic activity, forms amyloid-like oligomers (By similarity). Aggregation requires an intact actin cytoskeleton (By similarity). Interacts with STAT5B; this inhibits STAT5B-mediated transcriptional activation (PubMed:20639532). Interacts with E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase NEURL1; this leads to monoubiquitination and activation of CPEB3 (By similarity). Interacts with CAPN2; this leads to cleavage of CPEB3 (By similarity). Interacts (via C-terminal RNA-binding region) with TOB1; TOB1 also binds CNOT7/CAF1 and recruits it to CPEB3 to form a ternary complex (PubMed:21336257). Interacts with SUMO-conjugating enzyme UBC9 (By similarity). Interacts with IPO5; the interaction is enhanced in a RAN-regulated manner following neuronal stimulation and mediates CPEB3 nuclear import (PubMed:22730302). Interacts with exportin XPO1/CRM1 (PubMed:22730302). UniProt
The N-terminal Gln-rich region is required for the formation of amyloid-like oligomers and for the stability of long-term potentiation and spatial memory. UniProt
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