Bifunctional peptidase and arginyl-hydroxylase JMJD5 - Q8N371 (KDM8_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for Q8N371: 17
 
Function
Bifunctional enzyme that acts both as an endopeptidase and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent monoxygenase (PubMed:28847961, PubMed:29459673, PubMed:28982940, PubMed:29563586). Endopeptidase that cleaves histones N-terminal tails at the carboxyl side of methylated arginine or lysine residues, to generate 'tailless nucleosomes', which may trigger transcription elongation (PubMed:28847961, PubMed:29459673, PubMed:28982940). Preferentially recognizes and cleaves monomethylated and dimethylated arginine residues of histones H2, H3 and H4. After initial cleavage, continues to digest histones tails via its aminopeptidase activity (PubMed:28847961, PubMed:29459673). Upon DNA damage, cleaves the N-terminal tail of histone H3 at monomethylated lysine residues, preferably at monomethylated 'Lys-9' (H3K9me1). The histone variant H3F3A is the major target for cleavage (PubMed:28982940). Additionnally, acts as Fe(2+) and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent monoxygenase, catalyzing (R)-stereospecific hydroxylation at C-3 of 'Arg-137' of RPS6 and 'Arg-141' of RCCD1, but the biological significance of this activity remains to be established (PubMed:29563586). Regulates mitosis through different mechanisms: Plays a role in transcriptional repression of satellite repeats, possibly by regulating H3K36 methylation levels in centromeric regions together with RCCD1. Possibly together with RCCD1, is involved in proper mitotic spindle organization and chromosome segregation (PubMed:24981860). Negatively regulates cell cycle repressor CDKN1A/p21, which controls G1/S phase transition (PubMed:24740926). Required for G2/M phase cell cycle progression. Regulates expression of CCNA1/cyclin-A1, leading to cancer cell proliferation (PubMed:20457893). Also, plays a role in regulating alpha-tubulin acetylation and cytoskeletal microtubule stability involved in epithelial to mesenchymal transition (PubMed:28455245). Regulates the circadian gene expression in the liver (By similarity). Represses the transcriptional activator activity of the CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimer in a catalytically-independent manner (PubMed:30500822). Negatively regulates the protein stability and function of CRY1; required for AMPK-FBXL3-induced CRY1 degradation (PubMed:30500822). UniProt
Catalytic Activity
2-oxoglutarate + L-arginyl-[protein] + O2 = 3R-3-hydroxy-L-arginyl-[protein] + CO2 + succinate UniProt
Pathway Maps
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Subunit Structure
Can form homodimers (via JmjC domain) (PubMed:24100311, PubMed:28982940). Found in a complex with RCCD1 (PubMed:24981860). Interacts (via N-terminus) with RCCD1 (via N-terminus); this interaction stimulates H3K36me3 and H3K36me2 demethylation (PubMed:28455245, PubMed:24981860). Interacts (via JmjC domain) with HIST1H3A (PubMed:28982940). Interacts with FBXL3 and PSMD2 (By similarity). Interacts with CRY1 in a FBXL3-dependent manner (By similarity). UniProt
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Validation Track

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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from the SWISS-MODEL Repository  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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