Fanconi anemia group M protein - Q8IYD8 (FANCM_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

 
Function
DNA-dependent ATPase component of the Fanconi anemia (FA) core complex (PubMed:16116422). Required for the normal activation of the FA pathway, leading to monoubiquitination of the FANCI-FANCD2 complex in response to DNA damage, cellular resistance to DNA cross-linking drugs, and prevention of chromosomal breakage (PubMed:16116422, PubMed:19423727, PubMed:20347428, PubMed:20347429). In complex with CENPS and CENPX, binds double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), fork-structured DNA (fsDNA) and Holliday junction substrates (PubMed:20347428, PubMed:20347429). Its ATP-dependent DNA branch migration activity can process branched DNA structures such as a movable replication fork. This activity is strongly stimulated in the presence of CENPS and CENPX (PubMed:20347429). In complex with FAAP24, efficiently binds to single-strand DNA (ssDNA), splayed-arm DNA, and 3'-flap substrates (PubMed:17289582). In vitro, on its own, strongly binds ssDNA oligomers and weakly fsDNA, but does not bind to dsDNA (PubMed:16116434). UniProt
Catalytic Activity
ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate. UniProt
Pathway Maps
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Subunit Structure
Component of the Fanconi anemia (FA) core complex, which consists of CENPS, CENPX, FANCA, FANCB, FANCC, FANCE, FANCF, FANCG, FANCL, FANCM, FAAP24 and FAAP100 (PubMed:16116422, PubMed:16116434, PubMed:17289582). The FA core complex associates with Bloom syndrome (BLM) complex, which consists of at least BLM, DNA topoisomerase 3-alpha/TOP3A, RMI1/BLAP75, RPA1/RPA70 and RPA2/RPA32. This supercomplex between FA and BLM complexes has been called BRAFT (PubMed:20347428). Forms a discrete complex with CENPS and CENPX, called FANCM-MHF; this interaction stimulates DNA binding and replication fork remodeling by FANCM and stabilizes the binding partners (PubMed:20347428, PubMed:20347429). Forms a heterodimer with FAAP24; this interaction increases FANCM single-stranded DNA-binding activity (PubMed:17289582, PubMed:20347428). UniProt
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
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  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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