Hepatocyte nuclear factor 3-alpha - P35582 (FOXA1_MOUSE)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

 
Function
Transcription factor that is involved in embryonic development, establishment of tissue-specific gene expression and regulation of gene expression in differentiated tissues. Is thought to act as a 'pioneer' factor opening the compacted chromatin for other proteins through interactions with nucleosomal core histones and thereby replacing linker histones at target enhancer and/or promoter sites. Binds DNA with the consensus sequence 5'-[AC]A[AT]T[AG]TT[GT][AG][CT]T[CT]-3' (By similarity). Proposed to play a role in translating the epigenetic signatures into cell type-specific enhancer-driven transcriptional programs. Involved in the development of multiple endoderm-derived organ systems such as the liver, pancreas, lungs and prostate; FOXA1 and FOXA2 seem to have at least in part redundant roles. Plays a role in prostate morphogenesis and epithelial cell differentiation. FOXA1 and FOXA2 are essential for hepatic specification. FOXA1 and FOXA2 are required for morphogenesis and cell differentiation during formation of the lung. FOXA1 and FOXA2 are involved in bile duct formation; they positively regulate the binding of glucocorticoid receptor/NR3C1 to the IL6 promoter. FOXA1 and FOXA2 regulate multiple phases of midbrain dopaminergic neuron development; they regulate expression of NEUROG2 at the beginning of mDA neurogenesis and of NR4A2 and EN1 in immature mDA neurons. Modulates the transcriptional activity of nuclear hormone receptors. Is involved in ESR1-mediated transcription. Inhibits NKX2-1-mediated transcription from the SFTPC promoter in lung epithel independently from DNA-binding. Involved in regulation of apoptosis. Involved in cell cycle regulation. Originally described as a transcription activator for a number of liver genes such as AFP, albumin, tyrosine aminotransferase, PEPCK, etc. Interacts with the cis-acting regulatory regions of these genes. Involved in glucose homeostasis; activates the GCG promoter. UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Binds DNA as a monomer. Interacts with FOXA2. Interacts with NKX2-1. Interacts with HDAC7. Interacts with the histone H3-H4 heterodimer. Associates with nucleosomes containing histone H2A. Interacts with AR. Interacts with NR0B2. UniProt
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Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
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Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
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The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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