Collagenase - Q46085 (Q46085_HATHI)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for Q46085: 8
 
Function
Clostridial collagenases are among the most efficient degraders of eukaryotic collagen known; saprophytes use collagen as a carbon source while pathogens additionally digest collagen to aid in host colonization. Has both tripeptidylcarboxypeptidase on Gly-X-Y and endopeptidase activities; the endopeptidase cuts within the triple helix region of collagen while tripeptidylcarboxypeptidase successively digests the exposed ends, thus clostridial collagenases can digest large sections of collagen (PubMed:3002446). The full-length protein has collagenase activity, while both the 116 kDa and 98 kDa forms act on gelatin (PubMed:7961400). In vitro digestion of soluble calf skin collagen fibrils requires both ColG and ColH; ColG forms missing the second collagen-binding domain is also synergistic with ColH, although their overall efficiency is decreased (PubMed:18374061, PubMed:22099748). Digestion of collagen requires Ca(2+) and is inhibited by EDTA (PubMed:9452493). The activator domain (residues 119-388) and catalytic subdomain (330-601) open and close around substrate allowing digestion when the protein is closed (PubMed:23703618). UniProt
Catalytic Activity
Digestion of native collagen in the triple helical region at Xaa-|-Gly bonds. With synthetic peptides, a preference is shown for Gly at P3 and P1'; Pro and Ala at P2 and P2'; and hydroxyproline, Ala or Arg at P3'. UniProt
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Domain
The mature protein has 4 domains; a metalloprotease domain (S1, approximately residues 41-717), S2a (718-810, equivalent to PKD 1), S2b (811-904, equivalent to PKD 2) and a collagen-binding domain (S3, 905-1021) (PubMed:9922257, PubMed:9452493). The protein has an elongated shape, which lengthens further in calcium-chelated conditions; calcium-chelation also increases its susceptibility to exogenous proteases (PubMed:23561530). The S1 domain has the collagen hydrolytic activity (PubMed:9452493, PubMed:18937627). The metalloprotease S1 domain is composed of 3 subdomains which together resemble a saddle; an activator domain (residues 41-320), the catalytic peptidase subdomain (330-601) and a helper subdomain (609-721) (PubMed:23703618). Unlike the S2 domain in ColG, upon binding to Ca(2+) the midsections of S2a and S2b remain rigid; Ca(2+) binding confers thermostability (PubMed:25760606). Ca(2+)-binding also alters the orientation of the N-terminal linker of S2b so it lies along the long axis of the domain (PubMed:25760606). S3 has collagen-binding activity (PubMed:9452493). The structure of S3 becomes more thermostable when it is bound to Ca(2+) (PubMed:23144249). Isolated CBD S3 binds unidirectionally to the C-terminus of the collagen triple helix via a surface cleft (PubMed:23144249). UniProt
  • Organism: Clostridium histolyticum
  • Length:
  • UniProt
  • Other Gene names: colH
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Validation Track

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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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