Neurexin-1 - Q28146 (NRX1A_BOVIN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for Q28146: 6
 
Function
Cell surface protein involved in cell-cell-interactions, exocytosis of secretory granules and regulation of signal transmission. Function is isoform-specific. Alpha-type isoforms have a long N-terminus with six laminin G-like domains and play an important role in synaptic signal transmission. Alpha-type isoforms play a role in the regulation of calcium channel activity and Ca(2+)-triggered neurotransmitter release at synapses and at neuromuscular junctions. They play an important role in Ca(2+)-triggered exocytosis of secretory granules in pituitary gland. They may effect their functions at synapses and in endocrine cells via their interactions with proteins from the exocytotic machinery. Likewise, alpha-type isoforms play a role in regulating the activity of postsynaptic NMDA receptors, a subtype of glutamate-gated ion channels (By similarity). Both alpha-type and beta-type isoforms may play a role in the formation or maintenance of synaptic junctions via their interactions (via the extracellular domains) with neuroligin family members, CBLN1 or CBLN2. In vitro, triggers the de novo formation of presynaptic structures. May be involved in specification of excitatory synapses. Alpha-type isoforms were first identified as receptors for alpha-latrotoxin from spider venom. UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Interacts (via laminin G-like domain 2 and/or laminin G-like domain 6) with NLGN1 forming a heterotetramer, where one NLGN1 dimer interacts with one NRXN1 dimer. Interacts (via laminin G-like domain 2 and/or laminin G-like domain 6) with NLGN1, NLGN2, NLGN3 and NLGN4; these interactions are calcium-dependent. Interacts (via laminin G-like domain 2) with NXPH1 and NXPH3. Interacts with CBLN1, CBLN2 and, less avidly, with CBLN4 (By similarity). Interacts with LRRTM1, LRRTM2, LRRTM3 and LRRTM4 (By similarity). Alpha-type isoforms (neurexin-1-alpha) interact (via laminin G-like domain 2 and/or laminin G-like domain 6) with DAG1 (via alpha-dystroglycan chain). Alpha-type isoforms interact with alpha-latrotoxin from spider venom. The cytoplasmic C-terminal region binds to CASK, CASKIN1 and APBA1. Interacts with SYT13 and SYTL1. UniProt
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
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  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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