StAR-related lipid transfer protein 3 - Q14849 (STAR3_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for Q14849: 2
Sterol-binding protein that mediates cholesterol transport from the endoplasmic reticulum to endosomes (PubMed:11053434, PubMed:15930133, PubMed:22514632, PubMed:28377464). Creates contact site between the endoplasmic reticulum and late endosomes: localizes to late endosome membranes and contacts the endoplasmic reticulum via interaction with VAPA and VAPB (PubMed:24105263, PubMed:28377464). Acts as a lipid transfer protein that redirects sterol to the endosome at the expense of the cell membrane and favors membrane formation inside endosomes (PubMed:28377464). May also mediate cholesterol transport between other membranes, such as mitochondria membrane or cell membrane (PubMed:12070139, PubMed:19965586). However, such results need additional experimental evidences; probably mainly mediates cholesterol transport from the endoplasmic reticulum to endosomes (PubMed:28377464). Does not activate transcriptional cholesterol sensing (PubMed:28377464). Able to bind other lipids, such as lutein, a xanthophyll carotenoids that form the macular pigment of the retina (PubMed:21322544). UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Homodimer (PubMed:15718238, PubMed:16709157). Interacts (via the MENTAL domain) with STARD3NL (PubMed:15718238, PubMed:16709157). Interacts (via FFAT motif) with VAPA (PubMed:24105263, PubMed:28377464). Interacts (via FFAT motif) with VAPB (PubMed:24105263, PubMed:28377464). UniProt
The MENTAL domain anchors the protein in endosome membranes and exposes the START domain in the cytosol (PubMed:11053434). It binds cholesterol and mediates homotypic as well as heterotypic interactions between STARD3 and STARD3NL (PubMed:15718238, PubMed:16709157). UniProt
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