Mediator of DNA damage checkpoint protein 1 - Q14676 (MDC1_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for Q14676: 10
 
Function
Required for checkpoint mediated cell cycle arrest in response to DNA damage within both the S phase and G2/M phases of the cell cycle. May serve as a scaffold for the recruitment of DNA repair and signal transduction proteins to discrete foci of DNA damage marked by 'Ser-139' phosphorylation of histone H2AFX. Also required for downstream events subsequent to the recruitment of these proteins. These include phosphorylation and activation of the ATM, CHEK1 and CHEK2 kinases, and stabilization of TP53 and apoptosis. ATM and CHEK2 may also be activated independently by a parallel pathway mediated by TP53BP1. UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Homodimer. Interacts with several proteins involved in the DNA damage response, although not all these interactions may be direct. Interacts with H2AFX, which requires phosphorylation of H2AFX on 'Ser-139'. Interacts with the MRN complex, composed of MRE11, RAD50, and NBN. Interacts with CHEK2, which requires ATM-mediated phosphorylation of 'Thr-68' within the FHA domain of CHEK2. Interacts constitutively with the BRCA1-BARD1 complex, SMC1A and TP53BP1. Interacts with ATM and FANCD2, and these interactions are reduced upon DNA damage. Also interacts with the PRKDC complex, composed of XRCC6/KU70, XRCC5/KU80 and PRKDC/XRCC7. This interaction may be required for PRKDC autophosphorylation, which is essential for DNA double strand break (DSB) repair. When phosphorylated by ATM, interacts with RNF8 (via FHA domain). Interacts with CEP164. When phosphorylated, interacts with APTX (via FHA-like domain). UniProt
Domain
Tandemly repeated BRCT domains are characteristic of proteins involved in DNA damage signaling. In MDC1, these repeats are required for localization to chromatin which flanks sites of DNA damage marked by 'Ser-139' phosphorylation of H2AFX. UniProt
  • Isoforms: 4 , currently showing only the 'canonical' sequence.
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
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Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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