Histone acetyltransferase p300 - Q09472 (EP300_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for Q09472: 15
Functions as histone acetyltransferase and regulates transcription via chromatin remodeling. Acetylates all four core histones in nucleosomes. Histone acetylation gives an epigenetic tag for transcriptional activation. Mediates cAMP-gene regulation by binding specifically to phosphorylated CREB protein. Mediates acetylation of histone H3 at 'Lys-122' (H3K122ac), a modification that localizes at the surface of the histone octamer and stimulates transcription, possibly by promoting nucleosome instability. Mediates acetylation of histone H3 at 'Lys-27' (H3K27ac). Also functions as acetyltransferase for nonhistone targets. Acetylates 'Lys-131' of ALX1 and acts as its coactivator. Acetylates SIRT2 and is proposed to indirectly increase the transcriptional activity of TP53 through acetylation and subsequent attenuation of SIRT2 deacetylase function. Acetylates HDAC1 leading to its inactivation and modulation of transcription. Acts as a TFAP2A-mediated transcriptional coactivator in presence of CITED2. Plays a role as a coactivator of NEUROD1-dependent transcription of the secretin and p21 genes and controls terminal differentiation of cells in the intestinal epithelium. Promotes cardiac myocyte enlargement. Can also mediate transcriptional repression. Binds to and may be involved in the transforming capacity of the adenovirus E1A protein. In case of HIV-1 infection, it is recruited by the viral protein Tat. Regulates Tat's transactivating activity and may help inducing chromatin remodeling of proviral genes. Acetylates FOXO1 and enhances its transcriptional activity. Acetylates BCL6 wich disrupts its ability to recruit histone deacetylases and hinders its transcriptional repressor activity. Participates in CLOCK or NPAS2-regulated rhythmic gene transcription; exhibits a circadian association with CLOCK or NPAS2, correlating with increase in PER1/2 mRNA and histone H3 acetylation on the PER1/2 promoter. Acetylates MTA1 at 'Lys-626' which is essential for its transcriptional coactivator activity (PubMed:10733570, PubMed:11430825, PubMed:11701890, PubMed:12402037, PubMed:12586840, PubMed:12929931, PubMed:14645221, PubMed:15186775, PubMed:15890677, PubMed:16617102, PubMed:16762839, PubMed:18722353, PubMed:18995842, PubMed:23415232, PubMed:23911289, PubMed:23934153, PubMed:8945521). Acetylates XBP1 isoform 2; acetylation increases protein stability of XBP1 isoform 2 and enhances its transcriptional activity (PubMed:20955178). Acetylates PCNA; acetylation promotes removal of chromatin-bound PCNA and its degradation during nucleotide excision repair (NER) (PubMed:24939902). Acetylates MEF2D. (data source: UniProt  )
Catalytic Activity

Acetyl-CoA + [histone] = CoA + acetyl-[histone].

(data source: UniProt  )
Subunit structure
Interacts with phosphorylated CREB1. Interacts with HIF1A; the interaction is stimulated in response to hypoxia and inhibited by CITED2. Interacts (via N-terminus) with TFAP2A (via N-terminus); the interaction requires CITED2. Interacts (via CH1 domain) with CITED2 (via C-terminus). Interacts with CITED1 (unphosphorylated form preferentially and via C-terminus). Interacts with ESR1; the interaction is estrogen-dependent and enhanced by CITED1. Interacts with DTX1, EID1, ELF3, FEN1, LEF1, NCOA1, NCOA6, NR3C1, PCAF, PELP1, PRDM6, SP1, SP3, SPIB, SRY, TCF7L2, TP53, DDX5, DDX17, SATB1, SRCAP, TTC5, JMY and TRERF1. The TAZ-type 1 domain interacts with HIF1A. Probably part of a complex with HIF1A and CREBBP. Part of a complex containing CARM1 and NCOA2/GRIP1. Interacts with ING4 and this interaction may be indirect. Interacts with ING5. Interacts with the C-terminal region of CITED4. Non-sumoylated EP300 preferentially interacts with SENP3. Interacts with SS18L1/CREST. Interacts with ALX1 (via homeobox domain). Interacts with NEUROD1; the interaction is inhibited by NR0B2. Interacts with TCF3. Interacts (via CREB-binding domain) with MYOCD (via C-terminus). Binds to HIPK2. Interacts with ROCK2 and PPARG. Forms a complex made of CDK9, CCNT1/cyclin-T1, EP300 and GATA4 that stimulates hypertrophy in cardiomyocytes. Interacts with IRF1 and this interaction enhances acetylation of p53/TP53 and stimulation of its activity. Interacts with FOXO1; the interaction acetylates FOXO1 and enhances its transcriptional activity. Interacts with ALKBH4 and DDIT3/CHOP. Interacts with KLF15. Interacts with CEBPB and RORA. Interacts with HTLV-1 Tax and p30II. Interacts with and acetylates HIV-1 Tat. Interacts with NPAS2, ARNTL/BMAL1 and CLOCK. Interacts with SIRT2 isoform 1, isoform 2 and isoform 5. Interacts with MTA1. Interacts with HDAC4 and HDAC5 in the presence of TFAP2C (PubMed:10545121, PubMed:10722728, PubMed:10823961, PubMed:11073989, PubMed:11073990, PubMed:11080476, PubMed:11349124, PubMed:11430825, PubMed:11463834, PubMed:11481323, PubMed:11518699, PubMed:11559821, PubMed:11564735, PubMed:11581164, PubMed:11581372, PubMed:11701890, PubMed:11744733, PubMed:11864910, PubMed:11959990, PubMed:11997499, PubMed:12446687, PubMed:12527917, PubMed:12586840, PubMed:12750254, PubMed:12778114, PubMed:12837748, PubMed:12929931, PubMed:14605447, PubMed:14645221, PubMed:14716005, PubMed:14752053, PubMed:15075319, PubMed:15186775, PubMed:15297880, PubMed:15509808, PubMed:15731352, PubMed:15890677, PubMed:16478997, PubMed:16574662, PubMed:16617102, PubMed:16864582, PubMed:17226766, PubMed:17872950, PubMed:18273021, PubMed:19217391, PubMed:19680224, PubMed:20081228, PubMed:23145062, PubMed:23999430, PubMed:24177535, PubMed:24413532, PubMed:8684459, PubMed:8917528, PubMed:9528808, PubMed:9590696, PubMed:9862959, PubMed:9887100). Interacts with TRIP4 (PubMed:25219498). Directly interacts with ZBTB49; this interaction leads to synergistic transactivation of CDKN1A (PubMed:25245946). Interacts with NR4A3. (data source: UniProt  )
The CRD1 domain (cell cycle regulatory domain 1) mediates transcriptional repression of a subset of p300 responsive genes; it can be de-repressed by CDKN1A/p21WAF1 at least at some promoters. It conatins sumoylation and acetylation sites and the same lysine residues may be targeted for the respective modifications. It is proposed that deacetylation by SIRT1 allows sumoylation leading to suppressed activity. (data source: UniProt  )
This protein in other organisms (by gene name):
Organism (common name): Human
Other Gene names: P300
Chromosome Location: chr22:41489008- 41574960
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