Serine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2B catalytic subunit alpha isoform - P63328 (PP2BA_MOUSE)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for P63328: 1
 
Function
Calcium-dependent, calmodulin-stimulated protein phosphatase which plays an essential role in the transduction of intracellular Ca(2+)-mediated signals (PubMed:7791792, PubMed:26794871). Many of the substrates contain a PxIxIT motif and/or a LxVP motif (By similarity). In response to increased Ca(2+) levels, dephosphorylates and activates phosphatase SSH1 which results in cofilin dephosphorylation (By similarity). In response to increased Ca(2+) levels following mitochondrial depolarization, dephosphorylates DNM1L inducing DNM1L translocation to the mitochondrion (By similarity). Dephosphorylates heat shock protein HSPB1 (By similarity). Dephosphorylates and activates transcription factor NFATC1 (By similarity). Dephosphorylates and inactivates transcription factor ELK1 (By similarity). Dephosphorylates DARPP32. UniProt
Catalytic Activity
[a protein]-serine/threonine phosphate + H2O = [a protein]-serine/threonine + phosphate. UniProt
Pathway Maps
Maps:       
Reactions:
      ESCHER  BiGG
Subunit Structure
Forms a complex composed of a calmodulin-dependent catalytic subunit (also known as calcineurin A) and a regulatory Ca(2+)-binding subunit (also known as calcineurin B) (PubMed:26794871). There are three catalytic subunits, each encoded by a separate gene (PPP3CA, PPP3CB, and PPP3CC) and two regulatory subunits which are also encoded by separate genes (PPP3R1 and PPP3R2). In response to an increase in Ca(2+) intracellular levels, forms a complex composed of PPP3CA/calcineurin A, calcineurin B and calmodulin (By similarity). Interacts (via calcineurin B binding domain) with regulatory subunit PPP3R1/calcineurin B (PubMed:26794871). Interacts (via calmodulin-binding domain) with calmodulin; the interaction depends on calmodulin binding to Ca(2+) (By similarity). Forms a complex composed of MYOZ2 and ACTN1 (PubMed:11114196). Within the complex interacts with MYOZ2 (PubMed:11114196). Interacts with MYOZ1 (PubMed:11114196). Interacts with MYOZ3 (By similarity). Interacts with CIB1; the interaction increases upon cardiomyocyte hypertrophy (PubMed:20639889). Interacts with CHP1 and CHP2 (By similarity). Interacts with CRTC2 (By similarity). Interacts with DNM1L; the interaction dephosphorylates DNM1L and promotes its translocation to mitochondria (By similarity). Interacts with CMYA5; this interaction represses calcineurin activity in muscle (PubMed:21427212). Interacts (constitutively active form) with SYNPO2 (By similarity). Interacts with scaffold protein AKAP5 (via IAIIIT motif); the interaction recruits PPP3CA to the plasma membrane following L-type Ca(2+)-channel activation (By similarity). Interacts with NFATC2 (By similarity). Interacts with RCAN3 (By similarity). Interacts with PPIA (By similarity). Interacts with RCAN1 (PubMed:12809556). UniProt
Domain
Possible isomerization of Pro-309 within the SAPNY motif triggers a conformation switch which affects the organization and thus accessibility of the active site and the substrate binding region (PxIxIF motif). The trans- to cis-transition may favor calcineurin A activation and substrate binding. The reverse cis- to trans-transition may be enhanced by peptidyl-prolyl isomerases such as PPIA. UniProt
Legend
The Protein Feature View requires a browser that supports SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics). Mouse over tracks and labels for more information.
Data origin/color codes
The vertical color bar on the left side indicates data provenance.
Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Sequence Mismatches It is now possible to see information about expression tags, cloning artifacts, and many other details related to sequence mismatches.
Icons represent a number of different sequence modifications that can be observed in PDB files. For example the 'T' icon T represents expression tags that have been added to the sequence. The 'E' icon E represents an engineered mutation. However, besides these two, there are many other icons. For more information about the meaning and exact position of a sequence modification, move the cursor over the icon.
Validation Track

For more details on the Validation Track (Structure Summary Page only) see the dedicated help page.

Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
Organism icons generated by flaticon.com under CC BY. The authors are: Freepik, Icons8, OCHA, Scott de Jonge.

For more details on the Protein Feature view see the dedicated help page.