Cerebellin-1 - P63182 (CBLN1_RAT)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for P63182: 3
 
Function
Required for synapse integrity and synaptic plasticity. During cerebellar synapse formation, essential for the matching and maintenance of pre- and post-synaptic elements at parallel fiber-Purkinje cell synapses, the establishment of the proper pattern of climbing fiber-Purkinje cell innervation, and induction of long-term depression at parallel fiber-Purkinje cell synapses. Plays a role as a synaptic organizer that acts bidirectionally on both pre- and post-synaptic components. On the one hand induces accumulation of synaptic vesicles in the pre-synaptic part by binding with NRXN1 and in other hand induces clustering of GRID2 and its associated proteins at the post-synaptic site through association of GRID2. NRXN1-CBLN1-GRID2 complex directly induces parallel fiber protrusions that encapsulate spines of Purkinje cells leading to accumulation of GRID2 and synaptic vesicles. Required for CBLN3 export from the endoplasmic reticulum and secretion (By similarity). NRXN1-CBLN1-GRID2 complex mediates the D-Serine-dependent long term depression signals and AMPA receptor endocytosis. UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Homohexamer; disulfide-linked homotrimers. The trimers are assembled via the globular C1q domains. The trimers associate via N-terminal cysteine residues to form disulfide-linked hexamers. May form oligomers with CBLN2, CBLN3 AND CBLN4 prior to secretion. Once secreted, does not interact with other CBLN family members. Interacts with GRID1. Interacts with NRXN1 and NRXN2 long (alpha) and short (beta) isoforms produced by alternative promoter usage. Competes with NLGN1 for NRXN1-binding. Weakly interacts with NRXN3 short isoform and not at all with NRXN3 long isoform (By similarity). Interacts (via C1q domain) with GRID2; GRID2-binding is calcium-independent; CBLN1 hexamers anchor GRID2 N-terminal domain dimers to monomeric NRXN1 isoform beta; promotes synaptogenesis and mediates the D-Serine-dependent long term depression signals and AMPA receptor endocytosis. UniProt
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The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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