Cysteine and glycine-rich protein 3 - P50461 (CSRP3_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for P50461: 2
 
Function
Positive regulator of myogenesis. Acts as cofactor for myogenic bHLH transcription factors such as MYOD1, and probably MYOG and MYF6. Enhances the DNA-binding activity of the MYOD1:TCF3 isoform E47 complex and may promote formation of a functional MYOD1:TCF3 isoform E47:MEF2A complex involved in myogenesis (By similarity). Plays a crucial and specific role in the organization of cytosolic structures in cardiomyocytes. Could play a role in mechanical stretch sensing. May be a scaffold protein that promotes the assembly of interacting proteins at Z-line structures. It is essential for calcineurin anchorage to the Z line. Required for stress-induced calcineurin-NFAT activation (By similarity). The role in regulation of cytoskeleton dynamics by association with CFL2 is reported conflictingly: Shown to enhance CFL2-mediated F-actin depolymerization dependent on the CSRP3:CFL2 molecular ratio, and also shown to reduce the ability of CLF1 and CFL2 to enhance actin depolymerization (PubMed:19752190, PubMed:24934443). Proposed to contribute to the maintenance of muscle cell integerity through an actin-based mechanism. Can directly bind to actin filaments, cross-link actin filaments into bundles without polarity selectivity and protect them from dilution- and cofilin-mediated depolymerization; the function seems to involve its self-association (PubMed:24934443). In vitro can inhibit PKC/PRKCA activity (PubMed:27353086). Proposed to be involved in cardiac stress signaling by down-regulating excessive PKC/PRKCA signaling (By similarity). UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Self-associates. Oligomeric in the cytoplasm and monomeric in the nucleus (By similarity). Homooligomers preferentially form along the actin cytoskeleton. Isoform 2 interacts with isoform 1 (PubMed:24934443, PubMed:24860983). Isoform 1 but not isoform 2 interacts with MYOD1 and MYOG. Isoform 1 interacts with TCAP, ACTN2 and NRAP. Isoform 2 interacts with TCAP and alpha-actinin (PubMed:24860983, PubMed:15582318, PubMed:15205937, PubMed:12507422). Interacts with LDHD. Interacts (via N-terminus)with GLRX3 (via C-terminus) and PPP3CA; GLRX3 and calcineurin compete for interaction with CSRP3. Interacts with MYF6 (By similarity). Interacts with CFL2; the stoichiometry influences F-actin depolymerization and possibly two molecules of CFL2 can interact with one molecule of CSRP3 resulting in the highest functional impact; the interaction is stronger with phosphorylated CFL2 (PubMed:19752190). UniProt
Domain
LIM zinc-binding domain 1 is required for self-association. LIM zinc-binding domain 1 and LIM zinc-binding domain 2 both are required for optimal actin-bundling activity (PubMed:24934443). LIM zinc-binding domain 1 mediates binding to MYOD1. LIM zinc-binding domain 2 mediates binding to SPTB (By similarity). UniProt
  • Isoforms: 2 , currently showing only the 'canonical' sequence.
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Validation Track

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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from the SWISS-MODEL Repository  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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