Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 - P31809 (CEAM1_MOUSE)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for P31809: 2
 
Function
Isoform 1: Cell adhesion protein that mediates homophilic cell adhesion in a calcium-independent manner (By similarity). Plays a role as coinhibitory receptor in immune response, insulin action and functions also as an activator during angiogenesis (PubMed:16680193, PubMed:17081782, PubMed:18544705, PubMed:21029969, PubMed:21081647, PubMed:22496641, PubMed:22962327, PubMed:23696226). Its coinhibitory receptor function is phosphorylation- and PTPN6 -dependent, which in turn, suppress signal transduction of associated receptors by dephosphorylation of their downstream effectors (PubMed:17081782, PubMed:21029969, PubMed:22496641). Plays a role in immune response, of T-cells, natural killer (NK) and neutrophils (PubMed:17081782, PubMed:23696226, PubMed:22496641, PubMed:21029969). Upon TCR/CD3 complex stimulation, inhibits TCR-mediated cytotoxicity by blocking granule exocytosis by mediating homophilic binding to adjacent cells, allowing interaction with and phosphorylation by LCK and interaction with the TCR/CD3 complex which recruits PTPN6 resulting in dephosphorylation of CD247 and ZAP70 (PubMed:22496641). Also inhibits T-cell proliferation and cytokine production through inhibition of JNK cascade and plays a crucial role in regulating autoimmunity and anti-tumor immunity by inhibiting T-cell through its interaction with HAVCR2 (PubMed:17081782). Upon natural killer (NK) cells activation, inhibit KLRK1-mediated cytolysis of CEACAM1-bearing tumor cells by trans-homophilic interactions with CEACAM1 on the target cell and lead to cis-interaction between CEACAM1 and KLRK1, allowing PTPN6 recruitment and then VAV1 dephosphorylation (PubMed:23696226). Upon neutrophils activation negatively regulates IL1B production by recruiting PTPN6 to a SYK-TLR4-CEACAM1 complex, that dephosphorylates SYK, reducing the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lysosome disruption, which in turn, reduces the activity of the inflammasome (PubMed:22496641). Downregulates neutrophil production by acting as a coinhibitory receptor for CSF3R by downregulating the CSF3R-STAT3 pathway through recruitment of PTPN6 that dephosphorylates CSF3R (PubMed:21029969). Also regulates insulin action by promoting INS clearance and regulating lipogenesis in liver through regulating insulin signaling (PubMed:18544705). Upon INS stimulation, undergoes phosphorylation by INSR leading to INS clearance by increasing receptor-mediated insulin endocytosis. This inernalization promotes interaction with FASN leading to receptor-mediated insulin degradation and to reduction of FASN activity leading to negative regulation of fatty acid synthesis. INSR-mediated phosphorylation also provokes a down-regulation of cell proliferation through SHC1 interaction resulting in decrease coupling of SHC1 to the MAPK3/ERK1-MAPK1/ERK2 and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathways (By similarity). Functions as activator in angiogenesis by promoting blood vessel remodeling through endothelial cell differentiation and migration and in arteriogenesis by increasing the number of collateral arteries and collateral vessel calibers after ischemia (PubMed:16680193, PubMed:22962327). Also regulates vascular permeability through the VEGFR2 signaling pathway resulting in control of nitric oxide production (PubMed:21081647). Downregulates cell growth in response to EGF through its interaction with SHC1 that mediates interaction with EGFR resulting in decrease coupling of SHC1 to the MAPK3/ERK1-MAPK1/ERK2 pathway (PubMed:15467833). Negatively regulates platelet aggregation by decreasing platelet adhesion on type I collagen through the GPVI-FcRgamma complex (PubMed:19008452). Inhibits cell migration and cell scattering through interaction with FLNA; interfers with the interaction of FLNA with RALA (By similarity). Mediates bile acid transport activity in a phosphorylation dependent manner (By similarity). Negatively regulates osteoclastogenesis (PubMed:25490771). UniProt
Pathway Maps
Maps:       
Reactions:
      ESCHER  BiGG
Subunit Structure
Monomer. Oligomer. Heterodimer. Homodimer. Cis-dimer/oligomer (via Ig-like C2-type and/or via cytoplasmic domains); induced by trans-homophilic cell adhesion through an allosteric mechanism transmitted by the Ig-like V-type domain, and is regulated by intracellular calcium and calmodulin. Interacts (via cytoplasmic domain) with calmodulin in a calcium dependent manner; reduces homophilic cell adhesion through dissociation of dimer (By similarity). Isoform 1 interacts (via cytoplasmic domain) with PTPN11 (preferentially) and PTPN6; cis-homodimer form is preferred; this interaction is decreased by formation of isoform 1 / isoform 2 cis-heterodimers and is dependent on the monomer/dimer equilibrium; this interaction is phosphorylation-dependent (PubMed:9867848). Isoform 1 interacts with LYN (PubMed:22496641). Isoform 1 interacts (via cytoplasmic domain) with SRC (via SH2 domain); this interaction is regulated by trans-homophilic cell adhesion (By similarity). Isoform 1 interacts with LCK; mediates phosphorylation at Tyr-488 and Tyr-515 resulting in PTPN6 association. Isoform 1 interacts with PTPN6; this interaction is phosphorylation-dependent and causes a profound decrease in TCR stimulation-induced CD247 and ZAP70 phosphorylation. Isoform 1 interacts with TCR/CD3 complex through TCR beta chain and CD3E; colocalizes at the cell surface and upon stimulation of the TCR/CD3 complex recuits PTPN6 in the TCR/CD3 complex, resulting in dephosphorylation of CD247 and ZAP70 (By similarity). Isoform 1 interacts (via cytoplasmic domain) with SHC1 (via SH2 domain); SHC1 mediates interaction with INSR or EGFR in a Ser-503 phosphorylation-dependent manner (PubMed:15467833). Isoform 1 interacts with EGFR; the interaction is indirect (By similarity). Isoform 1 interacts with CSF3R; down-regulates the CSF3R-STAT3 pathway through recruitment of PTPN6 that dephosphorylates CSF3R (PubMed:21029969). Isoform 1 (phosphorylated form) interacts with TLR4 and SYK; recruits PTPN6 that dephosphorylates SYK, reducing the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lysosome disruption, leading to a reduction of the inflammasome activity (PubMed:22496641). Isoform 1 interacts with FLNA; inhibits cell migration and cell scattering by interfering with the interaction of FLNA with RALA. Isoform 1 interacts (via cytoplasmic domain) with PXN; the interaction is phosphotyrosyl-dependent. Isoform 1 interacts with KLRK1; recruits PTPN6 that dephosphorylates VAV1. Isoform 1 interacts with CEACAM8 (By similarity). Isoform 1 interacts with FASN; this interaction is insulin and phosphorylation-dependent; reduces fatty-acid synthase activity (By similarity). Interacts (via Ig-like V-type) with HAVCR2 (via Ig-like V-type); facilitates the maturation and cell surface expression of HAVCR2 thereby regulating T-cell tolerance induction (By similarity) (PubMed:25363763). Isoform 2 interacts (via the cytoplasmic domain) with ANXA2; this interaction is regulated by phosphorylation and appears in the AIIt complex. Interacts (via Lewis X moieties) with CD209 (via C-type lectin domain); this interaction is regulated by the glycosylation pattern of CEACAM1 on cell types and regulates contact between dendritic cells and neutrophils. UniProt
Domain
Ig-like V-type domain mediates trans-homophilic cell adhesion through homodimerization and this active process is regulated by tyrosine kinase, PTPN11 AND PTPN6. Ig-like C2-type and/or cytoplasmic domains mediate cis-dimer/oligomer. UniProt
Legend
The Protein Feature View requires a browser that supports SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics). Mouse over tracks and labels for more information.
Data origin/color codes
The vertical color bar on the left side indicates data provenance.
Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Sequence Mismatches It is now possible to see information about expression tags, cloning artifacts, and many other details related to sequence mismatches.
Icons represent a number of different sequence modifications that can be observed in PDB files. For example the 'T' icon T represents expression tags that have been added to the sequence. The 'E' icon E represents an engineered mutation. However, besides these two, there are many other icons. For more information about the meaning and exact position of a sequence modification, move the cursor over the icon.
Validation Track

For more details on the Validation Track (Structure Summary Page only) see the dedicated help page.

Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
Organism icons generated by flaticon.com under CC BY. The authors are: Freepik, Icons8, OCHA, Scott de Jonge.

For more details on the Protein Feature view see the dedicated help page.