Nitric oxide synthase, brain - P29476 (NOS1_RAT)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for P29476: 221
 
Function
Produces nitric oxide (NO) which is a messenger molecule with diverse functions throughout the body. In the brain and peripheral nervous system, NO displays many properties of a neurotransmitter. Inhibitory transmitter for non-adrenergic and non-cholinergic nerves in the colorectum. Probably has nitrosylase activity and mediates cysteine S-nitrosylation of cytoplasmic target proteins such SRR. Inhibitory transmitter for non-adrenergic and non-cholinergic nerves in the colorectum. (data source: UniProt  )
Catalytic Activity

2 L-arginine + 3 NADPH + 4 O2 = 2 L-citrulline + 2 nitric oxide + 3 NADP+ + 4 H2O.

(data source: UniProt  )
Subunit structure
Homodimer. Interacts with DLG4; the interaction possibly being prevented by the association between NOS1 and CAPON (By similarity). Forms a ternary complex with CAPON and RASD1. Forms a ternary complex with CAPON and SYN1. Interacts with ZDHHC23. Interacts with NOSIP; which may impair its synaptic location. Interacts with HTR4 (By similarity). Interacts with SLC6A4 (By similarity). Interacts with VAC14. Interacts (via N-terminal domain) with DLG4 (via N-terminal tandem pair of PDZ domains). (data source: UniProt  )
Domain
The PDZ domain in the N-terminal part of the neuronal isoform participates in protein-protein interaction, and is responsible for targeting nNos to synaptic membranes in muscles (By similarity). Mediates interaction with VAC14. (data source: UniProt  )
UniProtKB:
Length:
Other Gene names: Nos1 Bnos
Isoforms: 3, currently showing only the 'canonical' sequence.
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Validation Track

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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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