Dynactin subunit 1 - P28023 (DCTN1_RAT)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for P28023: 2
 
Function
Plays a key role in dynein-mediated retrograde transport of vesicles and organelles along microtubules by recruiting and tethering dynein to microtubules. Binds to both dynein and microtubules providing a link between specific cargos, microtubules and dynein. Essential for targeting dynein to microtubule plus ends, recruiting dynein to membranous cargos and enhancing dynein processivity (the ability to move along a microtubule for a long distance without falling off the track). Can also act as a brake to slow the dynein motor during motility along the microtubule. Can regulate microtubule stability by promoting microtubule formation, nucleation and polymerization and by inhibiting microtubule catastrophe in neurons. Inhibits microtubule catastrophe by binding both to microtubules and to tubulin, leading to enhanced microtubule stability along the axon. Plays a role in metaphase spindle orientation. Plays a role in centriole cohesion and subdistal appendage organization and function. Its recruitement to the centriole in a KIF3A-dependent manner is essential for the maintenance of centriole cohesion and the formation of subdistal appendage. Also required for microtubule anchoring at the mother centriole. Plays a role in primary cilia formation. UniProt
Pathway Maps
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Subunit Structure
Monomer and homodimer (PubMed:23648839). Dynactin is a large macromolecular complex of at least 10 components; p150(glued) binds directly to microtubules and to cytoplasmic dynein. Interacts with the C-terminus of MAPRE2 and MAPRE3. Interacts with FBXL5. Interacts with ECM29 and SNX6. Interacts with CLIP1. Interacts with CLN3 and DYNAP. Interacts with MISP; this interaction regulates its distribution at the cell cortex. Interacts with CEP131 (By similarity). Interacts (via CAP-Gly domain) with the C-terminus of MAPRE1, forming a heterotetramer (PubMed:23648839). Interacts with dynein intermediate chain and dynein heavy chain. Interacts with PLK1 (via POLO-box domain). Binds preferentially to tyrosinated microtubules than to detyrosinated microtubules. Interacts with TBCB, PARD6A, HPS6, KIF3A. Interacts with BICD2 (By similarity). Interacts with BCCIP. UniProt
Domain
The CAP-Gly domain is essential for interactions with microtubules and its binding partners and for its motion along the microtubules. Essential for its preferential binding to tyrosinated microtubules and for promoting the sustained interaction of the dynein motor with microtubules. UniProt
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Validation Track

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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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