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DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 1 - P26358 (DNMT1_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Number of PDB entries for P26358: 3
 
Function
Methylates CpG residues. Preferentially methylates hemimethylated DNA. Associates with DNA replication sites in S phase maintaining the methylation pattern in the newly synthesized strand, that is essential for epigenetic inheritance. Associates with chromatin during G2 and M phases to maintain DNA methylation independently of replication. It is responsible for maintaining methylation patterns established in development. DNA methylation is coordinated with methylation of histones. Mediates transcriptional repression by direct binding to HDAC2. In association with DNMT3B and via the recruitment of CTCFL/BORIS, involved in activation of BAG1 gene expression by modulating dimethylation of promoter histone H3 at H3K4 and H3K9. (data source: UniProt  )
Catalytic Activity

S-adenosyl-L-methionine + DNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + DNA containing 5-methylcytosine.

(data source: UniProt  )
Subunit structure
Binds to CSNK1D (By similarity). Homodimer. Interacts with HDAC1 and with PCNA. Forms a complex with DMAP1 and HDAC2, with direct interaction. Forms also a stable complex with E2F1, BB1 and HDAC1. Binds MBD2 and MBD3. Component of complexes containing SUV39H1. Interacts with DNMT3A and DNMT3B. Interacts with the PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex. Interacts with UBC9 and BAZ2A/TIP5. Interacts with UHRF1; promoting its recruitment to hemimethylated DNA. Interacts with USP7, promoting its deubiquitination. (data source: UniProt  )
Domain
The CXXC-type zinc finger specifically binds to unmethylated CpG dinucleotides, positioning the autoinhibitory linker between the DNA and the active site, thus providing a mechanism to ensure that only hemimethylated CpG dinucleotides undergo methylation (PubMed:21163962). (data source: UniProt  )
UniProtKB:
Species: 
Gene names: Gene View for DNMT1 AIM CXXC9 DNMT
Length:
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Data origin/color codes
The vertical color bar on the left side indicates data provenance.
Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  

The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).