Transcription initiation factor TFIID subunit 1 - P21675 (TAF1_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for P21675: 11
 
Function
Largest component and core scaffold of the TFIID basal transcription factor complex (PubMed:25412659, PubMed:27007846). Contains novel N- and C-terminal Ser/Thr kinase domains which can autophosphorylate or transphosphorylate other transcription factors. Phosphorylates TP53 on 'Thr-55' which leads to MDM2-mediated degradation of TP53. Phosphorylates GTF2A1 and GTF2F1 on Ser residues. Possesses DNA-binding activity (PubMed:25412659). Essential for progression of the G1 phase of the cell cycle (PubMed:11278496, PubMed:15053879, PubMed:2038334, PubMed:8450888, PubMed:8625415, PubMed:9660973, PubMed:9858607). Exhibits histone acetyltransferase activity towards histones H3 and H4 (PubMed:15870300). UniProt
Catalytic Activity
Acetyl-CoA + [protein]-L-lysine = CoA + [protein]-N6-acetyl-L-lysine. UniProt
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Subunit Structure
TAF1 is the largest component of transcription factor TFIID that is composed of TBP and a variety of TBP-associated factors (PubMed:7680771). TAF1, when part of the TFIID complex, interacts with C-terminus of TP53 (PubMed:15053879). Part of a TFIID-containing RNA polymerase II pre-initiation complex that is composed of TBP and at least GTF2A1, GTF2A2, GTF2E1, GTF2E2, GTF2F1, GTF2H2, GTF2H3, GTF2H4, GTF2H5, GTF2B, TCEA1, ERCC2, ERCC3, TAF1, TAF2, TAF3, TAF4, TAF5, TAF6, TAF7, TAF8, TAF9, TAF10, TAF11, TAF12 and TAF13 (PubMed:27007846). Interacts with TAF7; the interaction is direct (PubMed:25412659). Component of some MLL1/MLL complex, at least composed of the core components KMT2A/MLL1, ASH2L, HCFC1/HCF1, WDR5 and RBBP5, as well as the facultative components BAP18, CHD8, E2F6, HSP70, INO80C, KANSL1, LAS1L, MAX, MCRS1, MGA, KAT8/MOF, PELP1, PHF20, PRP31, RING2, RUVB1/TIP49A, RUVB2/TIP49B, SENP3, TAF1, TAF4, TAF6, TAF7, TAF9 and TEX10. RB1 interacts with the N-terminal domain of TAF1. Interacts with ASF1A and ASF1B (PubMed:10759893, PubMed:12093919, PubMed:12842904). Interacts (via bromo domains) with acetylated lysine residues on the N-terminus of histone H1.4, H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 (in vitro). Interacts with SV40 Large T antigen (PubMed:8647434). Interacts with herpes simplex virus 1 ICP4 (PubMed:8649420). UniProt
  • Isoforms: 12 , currently showing only the 'canonical' sequence.
This protein in other organisms (by gene name):
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Data origin/color codes
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Validation Track

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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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