Membrane cofactor protein - P15529 (MCP_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for P15529: 5
Acts as a cofactor for complement factor I, a serine protease which protects autologous cells against complement-mediated injury by cleaving C3b and C4b deposited on host tissue. May be involved in the fusion of the spermatozoa with the oocyte during fertilization. Also acts as a costimulatory factor for T-cells which induces the differentiation of CD4+ into T-regulatory 1 cells. T-regulatory 1 cells suppress immune responses by secreting interleukin-10, and therefore are thought to prevent autoimmunity. (data source: UniProt  )
(Microbial infection) A number of viral and bacterial pathogens seem to bind MCP in order to exploit its immune regulation property and directly induce an immunosuppressive phenotype in T-cells. Acts as a receptor for adenovirus subgroup B2 and Ad3, cultured measles virus and herpesvirus 6 (PubMed:10972291, PubMed:12663806, PubMed:12724329, PubMed:12915534, PubMed:14566335, PubMed:15047806, PubMed:15078926, PubMed:15919905, PubMed:16254377). May act as a receptor for pathogenic bacteria Neisseria and Streptococcus pyogenes (PubMed:7708671, PubMed:9379894, PubMed:11260136, PubMed:11971006). (data source: UniProt  )
Subunit structure
Interacts with C3b and C4b. (Microbial infection) Interacts with measles virus H protein (PubMed:10972291). (Microbial infection) Interacts with human herpesvirus 6 GH protein (PubMed:12663806, PubMed:12724329). (Microbial infection) Interacts with human adenovirus B/D fiber protein (PubMed:12915534, PubMed:14566335, PubMed:15047806, PubMed:15078926, PubMed:15919905, PubMed:16254377). (Microbial infection) Binds to Streptococcus pyogenes M protein and to type IV pili from Neisseria (PubMed:7708671, PubMed:9379894, PubMed:11260136, PubMed:11971006). (data source: UniProt  )
Sushi domains 1 and 2 are required for interaction with human adenovirus B PIV/FIBER protein and with Measles virus H protein. Sushi domains 2 and 3 are required for Herpesvirus 6 binding. Sushi domain 3 is required for Neisseria binding. Sushi domains 3 and 4 are required for interaction with Streptococcus pyogenes M protein and are the most important for interaction with C3b and C4b. (data source: UniProt  )
Organism (common name): Human
Isoforms: 16, currently showing only the 'canonical' sequence.
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
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Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
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  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
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  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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