Mating-type protein ALPHA2 - P0CY08 (MTAL2_YEAST)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Mating type proteins are sequence specific DNA-binding proteins that act as master switches in yeast differentiation by controlling gene expression in a cell type-specific fashion. Transcriptional corepressor that binds cooperatively with MCM1 to a 31-basepair DNA sequence termed the a-specific gene (asg) operator, to repress the transcription of a-cell-specific genes. Additionally, in a/alpha diploid cells, binds cooperatively with the A1 protein to a 21-basepair DNA sequence termed the haploid-specific gene (hsg) operator, to repress transcription of haploid-specific genes and of MATALPHA1. UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Binds DNA with a high specificity as a heterotetramer consisting of an ALPHA2 dimer and an MCM1 dimer. Also binds DNA with a high specificity as a heterodimer of A1 and ALPHA2 in a/alpha diploid cells. Interacts with the general transcription repressor complex SSN6/TUP1. UniProt
The C-terminal tail domain is disordered in the monomer, even when bound to DNA. In the ternary complex with A1 and DNA, 16 residues (Ile-190 to Leu-205) of the C-terminal tail undergo a conformational change, becoming ordered and contacting the A1 homeodomain. UniProt
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