Protein Tax-1 - P0C213 (TAX_HTL1F)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Number of PDB entries for P0C213: 3
Transcriptional activator that activates both the viral long terminal repeat (LTR) and cellular promoters via activation of CREB, NF-kappa-B, SRF and AP-1 pathways. Binds to three 21 bp repeat elements located within the LTRs, referred to as Tax-responsive elements (TRE). Binding to TRE requires the interaction with CREB1 and CREBBP. Also induces chromatin remodeling of proviral LTR-mediated gene expression by recruiting the histone acetyl transferases CREBBP and EP300 to the chromatin, which results in histone acetylation. Via its interaction with IKK regulatory subunit IKBKG, Tax-1 persistently stimulates I-kappa-B kinase (IKK), resulting in constitutive activation of the transcription factor NF-kappa-B. Induction of the nuclear expression of members of the NFkB family of transcription factors, which leads to up-regulated expression of many gene promoters containing NFkB motifs. These genes include those encoding IL2, IL15, IL2RA and IL15RA, leading to autocrine IL2/IL2RA and IL15/IL15RA loops. The resulting T-cell proliferation leads to malignant transformation and to the development of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL). IL13, known to be linked to leukemogenesis, is also up-regulated by Tax-1. Interaction with PDZ domain-containing proteins induce IL2-independent growth, which may be a factor in multi-step leukemogenesis. Inhibits the action of at least three cellular tumor suppressors p53/TP53, RB1 and DLG1, and suppresses their abilities to dictate apoptosis in primary cells. Required for viral replication. (data source: UniProt  )
Subunit structure
Homodimer. Interacts with host CREB1, SUV39H1, CARM1, DLG1, IKBKG, KDM4A, MAGI3 and TAX1BP1. Recruits the coactivators CREBBP, EP300 and PCAF. (data source: UniProt  )
The PDZ-binding domain mediates binding to human DLG1 and MAGI3. Interaction with other PDZ domain-containing protein induces IL2-independent growth. (data source: UniProt  )
Gene name: tax
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
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Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
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Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
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  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).