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Protein Tax-1 - P0C213 (TAX_HTL1F)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Number of PDB entries for P0C213: 3
 
Function
Transcriptional activator that activates both the viral long terminal repeat (LTR) and cellular promoters via activation of CREB, NF-kappa-B, SRF and AP-1 pathways. Binds to three 21 bp repeat elements located within the LTRs, referred to as Tax-responsive elements (TRE). Binding to TRE requires the interaction with CREB1 and CREBBP. Also induces chromatin remodeling of proviral LTR-mediated gene expression by recruiting the histone acetyl transferases CREBBP and EP300 to the chromatin, which results in histone acetylation. Via its interaction with IKK regulatory subunit IKBKG, Tax-1 persistently stimulates I-kappa-B kinase (IKK), resulting in constitutive activation of the transcription factor NF-kappa-B. Induction of the nuclear expression of members of the NFkB family of transcription factors, which leads to up-regulated expression of many gene promoters containing NFkB motifs. These genes include those encoding IL2, IL15, IL2RA and IL15RA, leading to autocrine IL2/IL2RA and IL15/IL15RA loops. The resulting T-cell proliferation leads to malignant transformation and to the development of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL). IL13, known to be linked to leukemogenesis, is also up-regulated by Tax-1. Interaction with PDZ domain-containing proteins induce IL2-independent growth, which may be a factor in multi-step leukemogenesis. Inhibits the action of at least three cellular tumor suppressors p53/TP53, RB1 and DLG1, and suppresses their abilities to dictate apoptosis in primary cells. Required for viral replication. (data source: UniProt  )
Subunit structure
Homodimer. Interacts with host CREB1, SUV39H1, CARM1, DLG1, IKBKG, KDM4A, MAGI3 and TAX1BP1. Recruits the coactivators CREBBP, EP300 and PCAF. (data source: UniProt  )
Domain
The PDZ-binding domain mediates binding to human DLG1 and MAGI3. Interaction with other PDZ domain-containing protein induces IL2-independent growth. (data source: UniProt  )
UniProtKB:
Species: 
Gene name: tax
Length:
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Data origin/color codes
The vertical color bar on the left side indicates data provenance.
Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  

The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).