DNA gyrase subunit B - P0AES6 (GYRB_ECOLI)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for P0AES6: 14
 
Function
DNA gyrase negatively supercoils closed circular double-stranded DNA in an ATP-dependent manner to maintain chromosomes in an underwound state (PubMed:186775, PubMed:3031051, PubMed:1323022, PubMed:8248233, PubMed:7811004, PubMed:8621650, PubMed:9657678, PubMed:12051842, PubMed:12051843, PubMed:18642932, PubMed:19060136, PubMed:19965760, PubMed:22457353, PubMed:23294697, PubMed:20356737, PubMed:20675723, PubMed:23352267, PubMed:24386374, PubMed:25202966, PubMed:25849408). This makes better substrates for topoisomerase 4 (ParC and ParE) which is the main enzyme that unlinks newly replicated chromosomes in E.coli (PubMed:9334322). Gyrase catalyzes the interconversion of other topological isomers of double-stranded DNA rings, including catenanes (PubMed:22457352). Relaxes negatively supercoiled DNA in an ATP-independent manner (PubMed:337300). E.coli gyrase has higher supercoiling activity than other characterized bacterial gyrases; at comparable concentrations E.coli gyrase introduces more supercoils faster than M.tuberculosis gyrase, while M.tuberculosis gyrase has higher decatenation than supercoiling activity compared to E.coli (PubMed:22457352). E.coli makes 15% more negative supercoils in pBR322 plasmid DNA than S.typhimurium; the S.typhimurium GyrB subunit is toxic in E.coli, while the E.coli copy can be expressed in S.typhimurium even though the 2 subunits have 777/804 residues identical (PubMed:17400739). The enzymatic differences between E.coli gyrase and topoisomerase IV are largely due to the GyrA C-terminal domain (approximately residues 524-841) and specifically the GyrA-box (PubMed:8962066, PubMed:16332690). (data source: UniProt  )
Catalytic Activity

ATP-dependent breakage, passage and rejoining of double-stranded DNA.

(data source: UniProt  )
Subunit structure
Heterotetramer, composed of two GyrA and two GyrB chains (PubMed:9148951, PubMed:12051842). In the heterotetramer, GyrA contains the active site tyrosine that forms a transient covalent intermediate with the DNA, while GyrB binds cofactors and catalyzes ATP hydrolysis (PubMed:12051843, PubMed:18642932, PubMed:20675723, PubMed:19965760). (data source: UniProt  )
Domain
Consists of 3 domains; the ATPase domain (residues 1-220), the transducer domain (221-392) and the toprim domain (393-804) (PubMed:1646964, PubMed:10734094). ATP-binding is cooperative, and both subunits must be wild-type at residue 103 for supercoiling to occur (PubMed:8621650). Non-hydrolyzable ATP analogs (and ATP-binding) induce dimerization and enhance ATPase activity (PubMed:10734094, PubMed:9657678). ATP hydrolysis induces domain shifts that are probably part of the mechanism of DNA cleavage and rejoining (PubMed:25202966). (data source: UniProt  )
UniProtKB:
Length:
Other Gene names: gyrB acrB cou himB hisU nalC parA pcbA b3699 JW5625
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
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Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
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Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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