Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(k) subunit alpha - P08754 (GNAI3_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for P08754: 6
 
Function
Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) function as transducers downstream of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) in numerous signaling cascades. The alpha chain contains the guanine nucleotide binding site and alternates between an active, GTP-bound state and an inactive, GDP-bound state. Signaling by an activated GPCR promotes GDP release and GTP binding. The alpha subunit has a low GTPase activity that converts bound GTP to GDP, thereby terminating the signal. Both GDP release and GTP hydrolysis are modulated by numerous regulatory proteins (PubMed:8774883, PubMed:18434541, PubMed:19478087). Signaling is mediated via effector proteins, such as adenylate cyclase. Inhibits adenylate cyclase activity, leading to decreased intracellular cAMP levels (PubMed:19478087). Stimulates the activity of receptor-regulated K(+) channels (PubMed:2535845). The active GTP-bound form prevents the association of RGS14 with centrosomes and is required for the translocation of RGS14 from the cytoplasm to the plasma membrane. May play a role in cell division (PubMed:17635935). (data source: UniProt  )
Subunit structure
Heterotrimeric G proteins are composed of 3 units; alpha, beta and gamma. The alpha subunit contains the guanine nucleotide binding site. GTP binding causes dissociation of the heterotrimer, liberating the individual subunits so that they can interact with downstream effector proteins. Interacts with GPSM1 (By similarity). Interacts (GDP-bound form) with GPSM2 (via GoLoco domains) (PubMed:22952234). Does not interact with RGS2 (PubMed:19478087). Interacts with RGS8 and RGS10; this strongly enhances the intrinsic GTPase activity (PubMed:8774883, PubMed:18434541). Interacts with RGS16; this strongly enhances the intrinsic GTPase activity (PubMed:19478087). Interacts with RGS12 (By similarity). Interacts (via active GTP- or inactive GDP-bound form) with RGS14. (data source: UniProt  )
UniProtKB:
Length:
Other Gene name:
Chromosome Location: chr1:110091342- 110134855
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