Heat shock protein HSP 90-alpha - P07900 (HS90A_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for P07900: 216
 
Function
Molecular chaperone that promotes the maturation, structural maintenance and proper regulation of specific target proteins involved for instance in cell cycle control and signal transduction. Undergoes a functional cycle that is linked to its ATPase activity which is essential for its chaperone activity. This cycle probably induces conformational changes in the client proteins, thereby causing their activation. Interacts dynamically with various co-chaperones that modulate its substrate recognition, ATPase cycle and chaperone function (PubMed:11274138, PubMed:15577939, PubMed:15937123, PubMed:27353360). Engages with a range of client protein classes via its interaction with various co-chaperone proteins or complexes, that act as adapters, simultaneously able to interact with the specific client and the central chaperone itself. Recruitment of ATP and co-chaperone followed by client protein forms a functional chaperone. After the completion of the chaperoning process, properly folded client protein and co-chaperone leave HSP90 in an ADP-bound partially open conformation and finally, ADP is released from HSP90 which acquires an open conformation for the next cycle (PubMed:27295069, PubMed:26991466). Apart from its chaperone activity, it also plays a role in the regulation of the transcription machinery. HSP90 and its co-chaperones modulate transcription at least at three different levels. In the first place, they alter the steady-state levels of certain transcription factors in response to various physiological cues. Second, they modulate the activity of certain epigenetic modifiers, such as histone deacetylases or DNA methyl transferases, and thereby respond to the change in the environment. Third, they participate in the eviction of histones from the promoter region of certain genes and thereby turn on gene expression (PubMed:25973397). Binds bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and mediates LPS-induced inflammatory response, including TNF secretion by monocytes (PubMed:11276205). Antagonizes STUB1-mediated inhibition of TGF-beta signaling via inhibition of STUB1-mediated SMAD3 ubiquitination and degradation (PubMed:24613385). UniProt
Pathway Maps
Maps:       
Reactions:
      ESCHER  BiGG
Subunit Structure
Homodimer (PubMed:7588731, PubMed:8289821, PubMed:18400751). Identified in NR3C1/GCR steroid receptor-chaperone complexes formed at least by NR3C1, HSP90AA1 and a variety of proteins containing TPR repeats such as FKBP4, FKBP5, PPID, PPP5C or STIP1 (PubMed:15383005, PubMed:9195923). Interacts with TOM34 (PubMed:9660753). Interacts with TERT; the interaction, together with PTGES3, is required for correct assembly and stabilization of the TERT holoenzyme complex (PubMed:11274138, PubMed:9817749). Interacts with CHORDC1 and DNAJC7 (PubMed:12853476, PubMed:19875381). Interacts with STUB1 and UBE2N; may couple the chaperone and ubiquitination systems (PubMed:16307917, PubMed:27353360). Interacts (via TPR repeat-binding motif) with PPP5C (via TPR repeats); the interaction is direct and activates PPP5C phosphatase activity (PubMed:15383005, PubMed:15577939, PubMed:16531226, PubMed:27353360). Following LPS binding, may form a complex with CXCR4, GDF5 and HSPA8 (PubMed:11276205). Interacts with KSR1 (PubMed:10409742). Interacts with co-chaperone CDC37 (via C-terminus); the interaction inhibits HSP90AA1 ATPase activity (PubMed:23569206, PubMed:27353360). May interact with NWD1 (PubMed:24681825). Interacts with FNIP1 and FNIP2; the interaction inhibits HSP90AA1 ATPase activity (PubMed:17028174, PubMed:27353360). Interacts with AHSA1; the interaction activates HSP90AA1 ATPase activity (PubMed:12604615, PubMed:27353360). Interacts with FLCN in the presence of FNIP1. Interacts with HSP70, STIP1 and PTGES3 (PubMed:27353360). Interacts with SMYD3; this interaction enhances SMYD3 histone-lysine N-methyltransferase (PubMed:15235609, PubMed:25738358). Interacts with SGTA (via TPR repeats) (PubMed:15708368). Interacts with TTC1 (via TPR repeats) (PubMed:15708368). Interacts with HSF1 in an ATP-dependent manner (PubMed:11583998. PubMed:26517842). Interacts with MET; the interaction suppresses MET kinase activity. Interacts with ERBB2 in an ATP-dependent manner; the interaction suppresses ERBB2 kinase activity. Interacts with HIF1A, KEAP1 and RHOBTB2 (PubMed:26517842). Interacts with HSF1; this interaction is decreased in a IER5-dependent manner, promoting HSF1 accumulation in the nucleus, homotrimerization and DNA-binding activities (PubMed:26754925). Interacts with STUB1 and SMAD3 (PubMed:24613385). Interacts with HSP90AB1; interaction is constitutive (PubMed:20353823). UniProt
Domain
The TPR repeat-binding motif mediates interaction with TPR repeat-containing proteins like the co-chaperone STUB1. UniProt
Legend
The Protein Feature View requires a browser that supports SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics). Mouse over tracks and labels for more information.
Data origin/color codes
The vertical color bar on the left side indicates data provenance.
Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Sequence Mismatches It is now possible to see information about expression tags, cloning artifacts, and many other details related to sequence mismatches.
Icons represent a number of different sequence modifications that can be observed in PDB files. For example the 'T' icon T represents expression tags that have been added to the sequence. The 'E' icon E represents an engineered mutation. However, besides these two, there are many other icons. For more information about the meaning and exact position of a sequence modification, move the cursor over the icon.
Validation Track

For more details on the Validation Track (Structure Summary Page only) see the dedicated help page.

Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
Organism icons generated by flaticon.com under CC BY. The authors are: Freepik, Icons8, OCHA, Scott de Jonge.

For more details on the Protein Feature view see the dedicated help page.