Histone acetyltransferase KAT7 - O95251 (KAT7_HUMAN)

 

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Function
Catalytic subunit of histone acetyltransferase HBO1 complexes, which specifically mediate acetylation of histone H3 at 'Lys-14' (H3K14ac), thereby regulating various processes, such as gene transcription, protein ubiquitination, immune regulation, stem cell pluripotent and self-renewal maintenance and embryonic development (PubMed:16387653, PubMed:21753189, PubMed:24065767, PubMed:26620551, PubMed:31767635, PubMed:31827282). Some complexes also catalyze acetylation of histone H4 at 'Lys-5', 'Lys-8' and 'Lys-12' (H4K5ac, H4K8ac and H4K12ac, respectively), regulating DNA replication initiation, regulating DNA replication initiation (PubMed:10438470, PubMed:19187766, PubMed:20129055, PubMed:24065767). Specificity of the HBO1 complexes is determined by the scaffold subunit: complexes containing BRPF scaffold (BRPF1, BRD1/BRPF2 or BRPF3) direct KAT7/HBO1 specificity towards H3K14ac, while complexes containing JADE (JADE1, JADE2 and JADE3) scaffold direct KAT7/HBO1 specificity towards histone H4 (PubMed:19187766, PubMed:20129055, PubMed:24065767, PubMed:26620551). H3K14ac promotes transcriptional elongation by facilitating the processivity of RNA polymerase II (PubMed:31827282). Acts as a key regulator of hematopoiesis by forming a complex with BRD1/BRPF2, directing KAT7/HBO1 specificity towards H3K14ac and promoting erythroid differentiation (PubMed:21753189). H3K14ac is also required for T-cell development (By similarity). KAT7/HBO1-mediated acetylation facilitates two consecutive steps, licensing and activation, in DNA replication initiation: H3K14ac facilitates the activation of replication origins, and histone H4 acetylation (H4K5ac, H4K8ac and H4K12ac) facilitates chromatin loading of MCM complexes, promoting DNA replication licensing (PubMed:10438470, PubMed:11278932, PubMed:18832067, PubMed:19187766, PubMed:20129055, PubMed:21856198, PubMed:24065767, PubMed:26620551). Acts as a positive regulator of centromeric CENPA assembly: recruited to centromeres and mediates histone acetylation, thereby preventing centromere inactivation mediated by SUV39H1, possibly by increasing histone turnover/exchange (PubMed:27270040). Involved in nucleotide excision repair: phosphorylation by ATR in response to ultraviolet irradiation promotes its localization to DNA damage sites, where it mediates histone acetylation to facilitate recruitment of XPC at the damaged DNA sites (PubMed:28719581). Acts as an inhibitor of NF-kappa-B independently of its histone acetyltransferase activity (PubMed:16997280). UniProt
Catalytic Activity
acetyl-CoA + L-lysyl-[histone] = CoA + H+ + N6-acetyl-L-lysyl-[histone] UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Component of the HBO1 complex composed of KAT7/HBO1, MEAF6, ING4 or ING5, and one scaffold subunit: complexes containing BRPF scaffold (BRPF1, BRD1/BRPF2 or BRPF3) direct KAT7/HBO1 specificity towards H3K14ac, while complexes containing JADE scaffold (JADE1, JADE2 and JADE3) mediate acetylation of histone H4 (PubMed:16387653, PubMed:19187766, PubMed:20129055, PubMed:21753189, PubMed:24065767, PubMed:26620551, PubMed:29382722). Interacts with MCM2 and ORC1 (PubMed:10438470, PubMed:11278932, PubMed:16387653). Interacts with the androgen receptor (AR); in the presence of dihydrotestosterone (PubMed:10930412). Interacts with CDT1 (PubMed:18832067). Interacts with MAP2K1 and CUL1 (By similarity). Interacts with p53/TP53; leading to inhibit histone acetyltransferase activity (PubMed:17954561). Interacts with MIS18BP1 (PubMed:27270040). UniProt
Domain
The N-terminus is involved in transcriptional repression, while the C-terminus mediates AR-interaction. UniProt
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Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
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Data in blue originates from PDB
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